ce399 | research archive: (electronic) mind control

Candy Jones and Donald Bain on “The CIA’s Control of Candy Jones” (KGO 28/8/76) (mp3 file)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 12/05/2011


Courtesy of Mae Brussell Archive: maebrussell.com

In the 26 years since The Control of Candy Jones was first published, the controversy surrounding this wrenching tale of how one of America’s most famous models was used by the CIA as a human guinea pig in its infamous mind control experiments, has never completely vanished. It has remained a “cult book,” fueling the cause of critics of the CIA, and further defining the now proven (and accepted) thesis that the minds of certain people can be manipulated and controlled, in this instance, for evil purposes. 20th Century Fox paid significant money for it as a film vehicle for Jane Fonda, yet never produced the movie despite attempts at screenplays by three of Hollywood’s best, and has refused to sell the rights to the many producers who’ve expressed interest in making the film. Why? The CIA attempted to suppress the book, as did one of the doctors, a physician to the stars, who spearheaded the intelligence agency’s mind control experimentation. This edition, with a new foreword by the author, presents another opportunity for every concerned citizen to share the compelling tragedy suffered by Candy Jones during that dark, tumultuous period in our history known as the “Cold War.”

Let Them Eat EST (Erhard Seminars Training) (Mother Jones 12/1978) (pdf file)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 10/05/2011


An evening at the White House is not an unusual event for Enud McGiffert. As the wife of Assistant Secretary of Defense David McGiffert, she has been there many times.

But on particular evening, May 1, 1978, stands out in her mind. Mrs. McGiffert had gone to the majestic building on Pennsylvania Avenue to attend a performance of a play presented by her daughter’s elementary school, whose students included Amy Carter. Before the performance, President and Mrs. Carter greeted children and parents on an informal reception line. It was then that Mrs. McGiffert drew open the curtain on her own personal drama. She stopped, said hello, and then she simply could not refrain. She had to convince Jimmy Carter of the significance of a new “experience” in her life – the Hunger Project, the latest venture of Werner Erhard’s est. For est, or Erhard Seminars Training, which began as one of the evangelistic human potential movements of the ’70s, had recently expanded its horizons from the self to the world. Werner Erhard had inaugurated a campaign that, he promises, will end hunger on the planet within the next two decades.

As Jimmy shook Enud McGiffert’s hand, she smiled and began her tale. “I just want you to know,” she told him, “about the Hunger Project. There are 100,000 people out there who really just want to totally serve you and do anything you want them to do to end hunger and starvation on the planet in the next 20 years.” The people standing behind her pressed her on. She could not decipher Carter’s reaction.

All through the play, anxiety ate at her. Had she done the right thing? Poor man, she thought, he can’t even stand on a reception line without someone pestering him. After the play, as the parents gathered in the White House dining room for refreshments, the President walked up to her. “Now, where were we?” he asked, smiling his famous smile.

Enud McGiffert was thrilled. “I want you to know,” Carter went on, “that I know about your group and will call upon you when we have our plans ready.”

Mrs. McGiffert, an est graduate and enrollee in the Hunger Project, was not the only one pleased with Carter’s response. Upon hearing of the incident, est Public-Relations Manager Brian Van der Horst beamed. It was nothing short of a miracle, a miracle that would delight Werner Erhard. For if one man will spark America’s movement to end hunger, many loyal est supporters believe, it is Werner Erhard, founder of est – a man who has transformed thousands of Americans’ experience of themselves, has “made it work,” and who has not only now gone on to forge a campaign to end hunger on the planet but also, in the process, will show us how to “complete” our lives and make the world our “context rather than our condition.”

Until 1977, Erhard’s activity was based on a training system where some 250 people sit in a hotel ballroom for two weekends to hear Erhard or one of his trainers combine techniques as varied as Eastern mysticism, Dale Carnegie and behavior modification so that they can heal their souls. The going price for this is $300. The training takes place in a distinctive upbeat estian language whose phrases pepper the statements of both Erhard and his disciples. Est’s expansion into the field of hunger is significant not only because Erhard has initiated it, but also because it is one of the first attempts so far by one of the “self”-oriented movements of the ’70s to address social or political issues.

To assure the eradication of hunger and starvation within the next two decades, est created the Hunger Project as an independent, nonprofit organization and gave it a $400,000 interest-free loan. Est’s tax-deductible arm, the est Foundation, bestowed on the Project a $100,000 grant. This money financed a series of 12 “presentations” in urban centers across the nation, where Erhard “presented” the idea of ending hunger to 40,000 Americans. In a slide show and lecture, he and his resident hunger expert, Roy Prosterman, tried to “get at” the first principles of hunger and starvation. He then “gave” the Project to those Americans who, after paying $6 to attend the show, demonstrated that they wanted to take “personal responsibility for being the source of the Project and ending hunger and starvation on the planet in the next two decades.”
Who Gets the Money?

What, precisely, does the Hunger Project plan to do to end famine and starvation? The Hunger Project does not, you see, do anything about ending hunger. That’s why, Erhard tells anyone who asks, it is a difficult idea to grasp. The Hunger Project does not advocate any particular solution to hunger – like land reform, food self-sufficiency or the wresting of power from landowners by peasants. Nor does it ask its enrollees to make “dehumanizing gestures” – like sending money to anti-hunger organizations. Above all, the Project odes not want its members to feel guilty about the deplorable situation that causes, each year, the death of some 15 million people all over the world. Rather, it asks them to view hunger and starvation as a “wonderful opportunity,” an opportunity to “make a difference in the world.”

To create such optimism, Erhard counsels us to examine our “positions” about hunger and starvation. This is the first step in “getting” the Project. Once we examine out attitudes, we will discover that two prevail: one, we think hunger and starvation are inevitable; two, we think that to end it, we have to “do” something, support a particular “position.” But these things, Erhard assures us, are not the case. Hunger and starvation are not inevitable. We have the technology to eradicate them. And positions merely make matters worse – by engendering opposing positions.

What the Hunger Project literature – a slick collection of Werner Erhard’s sayings, photographs and aphorisms gleaned from hunger experts and their writings – counsels is a process of de-education. For anyone confused by the complex issues of the day, this has enormous appeal. “Rather than knowing more and then more as you go along,” Erhard counsels, “you will need, instead, to be willing to know less and then less – that is to say, to become somewhat confused as you go along. Finally, you will have struggled enough to be clear that you don’t know. In the state of knowing that you don’t know, you get, as a flash of insight, the principle out of which the answer comes.”

What forces caused hunger in the first place? Erhard is vague about this. “Call them political forces, if you like,” he advices generously. “Study the political forces and you will see that hunger and starvation on the planet are the inevitable result of those forces… If you don’t like the politics, do it with economic force. Psychological forces. Philosophical forces. Or, if you prefer, a combination of them.”

So far, 180,000 people have enrolled in this project to make the world “work”; they have made more than 30,000 tax-deductible contributions, which have totaled $830,800. Almost none of this money goes into the mouths of hungry people, for that would, remember, contribute to the “dehumanization” of the world’s hungry. This money goes, instead, toward the continued communication of the Hunger Project to an ever-expanding sector of the American public: it produces the Hunger Project quarterly newspaper, A Shift in the Wind; it helps pay for office space and slide shows and films. Less than one percent of the Project’s money, $2,500, went to a well-known British hunger organization called Oxfam. But the essence of the Hunger Project is workability, alignment, communication and more communication.

And here he is now, Werner Erhard, founder of the Hunger Project. Here he is on the stage of the San Francisco Cow Palace, or that of the Felt Forum in New York, communicating the Hunger Project to thousands of Americans. The auditoriums are enormous, so we have two Werners before us – the man on stage, and above him, bigger than life, a videotaped image on a huge screen. Or here he is in Washington, gathering hunger experts together to convince them that ending hunger is an idea whose time has come. Or there he is in India, talking with Prime Minister Morarji Desai, and then quick, we have to catch up with him as he jets to the Franklin House, his Victorian mini-mansion on Franklin Street in San Francisco. Wherever he is these days, the Hunger Project is on his lips, for it’s a project that comes from his very intimate experience of the souls of the thousands and thousands of American with whom he has had, he says, a very meaningful personal relationship.

The est staff, the Hunger Project staff, the Hunger Project Council, the est Advisory Board, the Hunger Project Advisory Board, est assistants and volunteers all echo Werner’s language when “communicating” the Project. And they all claim that, except for the seed money, the Project has nothing organizationally to do with est and that Werner Erhard has magnanimously taken months off his busy schedule to help Americans end world hunger.

A six-month investigation by Mother Jones and the Center for Investigative Reporting, however, has revealed a far different set of goals for the Hunger Project:

Werner Erhard is using the Hunger Project not only for self-aggrandizement but for promoting the for-profit corporation he founded, as well. The Hunger Project is a thinly veiled recruitment arm for est. Hunger Project volunteers have said that est-trained Hunger Project staffers have pressured them until they agreed to do the $300-a-shot est training. Others told of being asked to lend their cars or provide other services to est.

The Hunger Project has nonprofit status – which gives it the ability to receive tax-deductible contributions. But this use of a nonprofit organization to recruit customers for a for-profit one is in violation of the spirit, if not the letter, of Internal Revenue Service laws.

In various cities across the country, Erhard’s disciples have organized a “Hunger Project Seminar Series” at $30 per enrollment. Yet the proceeds go, not to the Hunger Project, but directly to est.

The official claim that est and the Hunger Project are organizationally separate is a fabrication. Careful examination reveals that top personnel pass through a revolving door from est to the Hunger Project. In many cities, the Hunger Project is housed in est offices. Est graduate bulletins advertise Hunger Project events. The three initial directors of the Hunger Project, Michael Chatzky, Robert Dunnett and Mark Schiavenza, all work out of the law firm of est lawyer and offshore tax-haven expert, Harry Margolis. In addition, Dunnett was vice president of Erhard Seminars Training, Inc., when that was est’s corporate name, and Chatzky was one of the directors of California Aesthetics, which was once the sole shareholder in est. The Hunger Projects’s current vice president, John Emery, and the secretary-treasurer, Helen Nahm, are both on the est Advisory Board. The Project’s resident hunger expert, Roy Prosterman, the man who does the traveling hunger road show with Erhard, receives a grant from an est foundation, which helps support his own hunger consulting work.

As we shall see, Erhard will deny some of these charges in his uniquely estian way in an interview.
No More Struggle

Erhard’s founding of the Hunger Project, a little over a year ago, was a stroke of genius. Though the est movement has been growing rapidly, Erhard had been getting increasingly bad reviews. There had been a number of newspaper and magazine articles criticizing his movement’s obvious authoritarianism and its devaluation of independent thought. There were also questions about whether, with tens of thousands of people paying up to $300 a crack for est training, Erhard was using the consciousness movement to make himself a tidy personal fortune. Erhard needed a good promotional weapon to fight back with and, in the Hunger Project, he found it.

Examined carefully, of course, the Hunger Project is not a new departure for Erhard, but merely an application of the familiar est approach. Consciousness is everything; distribution of wealth and power, nothing. The Hunger Project takes one of the most potent political issues of the day and totally depoliticizes it. The persistence of hunger, Erhard says, is not primarily due to an economic system in which rich get richer and poor get poorer (of which Erhard is a part, as est money finds its way to offshore tax havens). Rather, it is due to the lack of will, to attitudes, to bad intentions.

The emphasis is on the positive. Don’t think about the depressing facts of hunger or the causes of starvation, think of the hunger issue as the chance of a lifetime – a way to have an impact on the world. All this talk of impact neatly brackets the starving and the dying. They appear in beautiful color pictures in Hunger Project brochures – but the needs of middle-class Americans eclipse their reality. The people who flock to est, the Hunger Project and the other consciousness movements have just escaped a decade of disillusionment where political action promised social transformation. This promise was not fulfilled. Similarly, the ’60s and early ’70s were an era of journalistic exposés that revealed widespread corruption: Watergate, the CIA, FBI provocateurs, the list is endless. But again, information has not led to transformation. The more people learn about how bad things are, the more powerless they feel. Erhard realizes that his fans want to feel both powerful and needed. “The idea [of the Hunger Project] germinated itself from my experience of people with whom I was interacting, primarily people who had been through the training,” he explains. So Erhard creates a way for them to feel like they’re having the impact they know they’ve lost.

“Brenda, Brenda, I just Got Manifested!”

What attracts a talented, busy and hitherto sensible person to Werner Erhard and his Hunger Project? Mother Jones’ Mark Schapiro called Valerie Harper, star of TV’s Rhoda, to ask her a few questions, and found her so eager to talk he could barely get a word in edgewise. Here is a condensation of her response:

Well, first of all, the Hunger Project is each one of us. It’s not like I joined an organization and now I’m a member of this group called the Hunger Project. In our world you have to say, ‘What is the organization?’ And of course there is an organization, but the actual work of the Hunger Project is individual responsibility. It does manifest and it’s not a solid thing, it’s not an object, as human beings are not objects. So the Hunger Project lives in each person who chooses to have it be there. And so, since I’ve been participating in the Hunger Project, a lot of things in my life have altered and my own personal power has expanded.

“What the Hunger Project is, is affording one that opportunity to create an idea’s time coming. You see, there’s only one way that an idea’s time comes, and that is not through organization or money or political action or group stuff. It comes through the individual. So what the Hunger Project is, is an alignment of individuals, each doing their particular, individual thing. Now Wilbur and Orville Wright created the airplane. Now, what it looks to us – and now we’ll talk physics for a minute – it looks to us like Wilbur and Orville built a plane and then flight occurred. So that’s the Hunger Project. The way an idea’s time comes is individuals create it. Individuals create – again physics – a critical mass of agreement about an idea, and then out of that, things manifest. You got that? You don’t have to believe it or understand it, but just kind of get the sense of what I’m saying.

“Werner Erhard has formulated the Project. He has…I’ll tell you what he did, literally. He personally took responsibility for ending world hunger. He said to the Advisory Board, and I was at the meeting, ‘That’s what I want to do.’ And there was tremendous static, and we all said, ‘No wait a minute, Werner, what are you doing? What are you talking about?’ He said, ‘This is an est organization, our organization will continue, will fill trainings, will keep giving people a chance to nurture, expand their lives, etc. If the training’s something they want to do, fine. If it isn’t, they don’t, and we’ll keep providing it. That’s our work as an est Advisory Board. I’m just telling you that I am personally taking responsibility to end the starvation on this planet by 1997.’ And I remember standing up and saying, ‘But Werner, listen, I was taught as a child, and I believed, that it will always be with us. There will always be the starving throngs because it’s part of the world, the Middle Ages, for all time – much further back than the Middle Ages people have starved.’ And he said, ‘I would put it to you, Valerie, that you holding that is contributing to hunger. You responsibility is not if you ate pizza this afternoon.’ And I got it so clearly, I began to see.

“The clearer I get about starvation, the more I can take responsibility for it. So, in one sentence, the Hunger Project is a project of communication and enrollment, and by enrollment that does not mean that you pay a fee and you’re in and you have a card. It means that you enroll and then you enroll to enroll. You enroll people yourself. I’m sure you’ll speak to other people about this. I’ll send you material and I think you’ll like it. I have exactly the person for you to call to get some material. Brian Van der Horst is the public information office, the office of public information for the Hunger Project. Well, now wait a second, I’m giving you the wrong thing, honey, hold it, he’s with est, that’s not right.

Hunger is one of the sexier issues in Washington, D.C., this year. No one is for it, and everyone is against it. Hunger is consequently a perfect issue around which a President with lagging popularity can mobilize public support. Recently, Carter appointed a Presidential commission on the subject. Like all Presidential commissions, it includes a “non-partisan” assortment of college presidents (Steve Muller of Johns Hopkins), millionaires (Sol Linowitz), scientists (Jean Mayer), Republican and Democratic senators and representatives, and, among others, entertainer Harry Chapin and singer John Denver – the latter, an enthusiastic backer of est.

Denver is unfailingly helpful. His greatest contribution, aside from his coming role in the Presidential Hunger Commission, was a film he financed and narrated called I Want to Live. He sang the theme song, which centered around the lines: “I want to share/I want to give/I want to live.” The film also included the opinions of such luminaries as Hubert Humphrey, U.N. Representative Andrew Young and various hunger experts, who spoke about the possible solutions to the hunger problem. Ending on a rather vulgar note of self-celebration, Vice President Walter Mondale congratulated Denver on his great personal commitment. This film is a staple of Hunger Project promotion.

Werner Erhard has promptly gone to work trying to propagate his ideas to the Presidential Commission’s members and others in the White House. President Carter’s son Chip, for example, represented his father at a three-day Hunger Project symposium at the Tarrytown, New York, Executive Conference Center in September. Chip Carter seems to have swallowed Erhard’s pablum undiluted: “If my father can go from being almost unknown to being President in four years,” he was quoted as saying by The Washington Post, “we can certainly end hunger in 20 years.”

Harry Chapin and est regulars John Denver and Valerie Harper (TV’s Rhoda) were also among the 100 guests at the Tarrytown symposium. Harper has also been active in the Hunger Project. She has served on the est Advisory Board and is a member of the Hunger Project Council. Her public effusions about est have been innumerable. On national television and in magazine articles, she has thanked Werner for transforming her life. Now, she enthuses about the Hunger Project. She participates in events to promote the Project – a soccer game here, a speech there, a gathering at her house – or to help Werner meet the important people.

Because of hunger’s non-partisan appeal and President Carter’s interest, a campaign to end hunger is a natural way in which Erhard can appear to be “doing good” while cultivating powerful connections. A number of key people have paved Erhard’s road from San Francisco. These people are known in est lingo as “Sphere of Influence People” or “SOIPs” – types who have taken the training and are later courted to help aggrandize Erhard. Although est would not admit whether or not it had constructed such a category as SOIP, internal documents prove that it has. (“New York SOIP Participants,” begins one of them. “The following people have responded and will attend the Reception: 1. Paul Albano, Asst. V.P., Chemical Bank. 2. Dave Andrews, V.P., Chase Manhattan Bank. 3. Dick Aurelio, heads Daniel Edelman. 4. Polly Bergen, Actress. 5. Josh Reynolds, Guest of Polly Bergen…” This list of 33 names is followed by a list of those who “will not attend the Reception,” and finally a list of people who haven’t answered yet, identified by connection to SOIPs if they are not ones in their own right: “Senator and Mrs. [Jacob] Javits, Mrs. Javits is a grad…Edith Rivera, Daughter of Kurt Vonnegut…” and so on.)

John Denver and his manager, Jerry Weintraub, as well as Valerie Harper, have given Erhard an SOIP entrée into Hollywood. Est enthusiasts Buckminster Fuller and Dick Gregory provide other ties. But the real help comes from people with government connections.

For example, take Roger Sant, former Assistant Administrator of the Federal Energy Administration under President Ford. Sant has also been a member of the prestigious San Francisco businessman’s group, the Bay Area Council, a director of the National Security Bank and a frozen-food supplier. His wife, Vicki Sant, is Regional Director of the Hunger Project in Washington. The Sants introduced Erhard to former Carter administration drug and food policy adviser Dr. Peter Bourne, before Bourne’s sudden fall from power last July.

As we talk in Sant’s Arlington, Virginia office on the top floor of a building that overlooks the Potomac and Washington beyond, Sant radiates enthusiasm about Erhard and his latest undertaking. Currently a director of the Energy Productivity Center of the Carnegie-Mellon Institute of Research, an organization funded by, among others, Gulf Oil and Atlantic Richfield, Sant is a member of the Hunger Project Council and speaks officially for the Project. He admits that he has not “read enough to be even informed about the problem.” But since Werner says that to know less is to know more, this doesn’t matter. “In effect,” he says of the Hunger Project, bouncing with enthusiasm, “it’s the world working. That’s the exciting part of that….So if you can handle hunger, you sort of get to go on to everything else. If you can get rid of hunger, my gosh,” he trills, “we might even be able to get rid of mental illness.”

Besides Sant, Erhard has on his team another well-connected Washington executive – Greg Votaw, the former directors of World Bank programs in East Asia and the Pacific. Votaw provided introductions for Erhard’s trip to India and has introduced him to various hunger experts in Washington. And, finally, there is Roy Prosterman, a truly non-partisan hunger expert who has worked as a consultant in land development for such diverse nations as Brazil, the Socialist regime in Portugal, and South Vietnam (in 1967).

Roy Prosterman attended some of the first meetings between Erhard and former Presidential adviser Bourne. Prosterman and Erhard were able, Prosterman says, “to communicate a real sense of what the Hunger Project is about and the kind of support that that might mean is waiting in the wings for the President. I’m persuaded that this is a thing that could greatly add to Carter’s political capital to do lots of other things [emphasis added], that if Carter showed himself to be someone with the vision and leadership and the sense of the future that would allow him to make a commitment to join with others on the planet to end hunger by the year 2000, I think he would be seen as a person of greater stature than he is now seen as being.”

The Hunger Project is every politician’s dream: a huge block of voters who have nothing to advocate and who will contribute their time and, although no one explicitly mentions it, their votes to the President and his programs. Erhard knows this, and Hunger Project staffers are quite open about their plans to go straight to the top. No matter who replaces Bourne on hunger issues, says Ellis Deull, president of the Hunger Project, “we’ll be talking to him.”

The Washington connection shows another side of Erhard’s ingenuity in creating the Hunger Project. The project manages to give Erhard a legitimate issue through which he can reach people in government (he could never, for example, have gotten Carter to provide direct governmental support to est), while providing his followers with a program that will occupy their time and assure their continued allegiance. This latter result is no mean thing. Although Erhard has put more than 150,000 people through his training and retained the loyalty of many est graduates, there is always the risk that without ongoing programs, they will move on to another of the many new consciousness gurus who have come after him. The Hunger Project minimizes this risk. Est graduates can become obsessed with hunger. And, when Erhard goes to Washington, est graduates all over the country can feel that they, too, have Jimmy Carter’s ear.
“Werner Says…”

Any new volunteer to the Hunger Project coming to est headquarters in San Francisco is ushered into a huge, thickly carpeted room with large potted plants strategically placed next to partitions and walls. Overhead pipes and vents, painted various tones of orange and rust, crisscross the high ceilings. Partitions section off offices, without, however, actually dividing the area into private, soundproof rooms. Walking through the large, fragmented room, one has the uncanny feeling of people being together, occupying the same space, but never connecting. It’s the same feeling one has at an est training session. There are 250 people in the same room, but they do not relate. In proximity one practices not intimacy, but the ability to maintain a discreet distance.

Proximity within distance, distance at the heart of intimacy, the same play operates in the Hunger Project’s relationship to est. The volunteer has been told, upon calling the Hunger Project, that est and the Project are totally different organizations. Never mind that the Hunger Project caller’s inquiry is answered with the familiar estian “Hello, this is Grace, how may I assist you?” It’s not est. Never mind the fact that its offices are at est Central, that it uses est’s phones, that est started it, that Werner Erhard is its chief spokesperson and that his picture and aphorisms adorn the walls. Remember, it’s not est.

Despite denials of any relationship, however, the two organizations are virtually one. Recently, for example, the Hunger Project purchased $1,200 worth of tickets for a San Francisco World Affairs Council luncheon at which India’s Prime Minister Desai was to speak. When the Indian consulate was distressed that the word “hunger” would appear on tables and programs, the Project conveniently switched identities. After purchasing the tickets with Hunger Project funds, they used est’s name on its place cards at the tables (laded with crêpes Argenteuil, grilled mango and apple tart).

The Hunger Project is technically a separate legal entity, but in fact it functions as a recruitment arm for est. The experience of Hunger Project volunteers confirms this. From the moment she first went to the Project’s offices in San Francisco as a volunteer, reported Lori Lieberman of the Center for Investigative Reporting, members of the Project staff concentrated on recruiting her to est. “I was greeted by Tracy Apple [a local Hunger Project staff and est graduate],” she recounts, “who immediately asked me whether or not I had undergone the est training. When I said I had not, she reassured me that that was okay, but that it ‘would be easier for you to work around the office if you do take the training because we use a different language and different ways of communicating around esties.’ Pressure to take the est training continued throughout my five-hour stay. I discovered only one other person among the 20 or 30 people that I encountered to be a non-est graduate. She was an office worker. And as I was sitting in the bathroom, I heard two other women office workers harassing her because she had worked at the Hunger Project for a month and still refused to take the training. They said she was ‘uncooperative, closed-minded and had a narrow perspective.’ I was later asked to provide my car to chauffeur some out-of-town est officials around the city several days later.

“I was also struck,” Lieberman adds, “by the emphasis on Werner Erhard. Everything was ‘Werner says.’ When I expressed confusion to someone about the way the Xerox machine worked, she explained that I ‘really ought to study this machine because Werner says we all ought to get clear about how machinery works so that it doesn’t control us.’ ”

Another Center for Investigative Reporting staffer volunteering at the Hunger Project described a similar experience. The effort to pressure him into taking the est training, says Dan Noyes, was as important as Hunger Project business: “When asked Tracy Apple if est was important, she said ‘I personally recommend it, but it’s not essential. It will help you understand the Hunger Project and the man who created it. T’s the greatest thing that ever happened to me.’ Although she was careful to say that est was not essential to the Hunger Project, she then proceeded to pressure me to sign up for the two-weekend seminar, saying it cost $300. She asked me when I had a free weekend and sat down to call and find out when the dates of the next Bay Area sessions were. I said I would think about it.

“The next time I came in, I saw Tracy Apple. After saying hello, the first thing she asked was ‘Have you decided about your training yet?’ She told me that I had to have the $300 enrollment fee by the next day. She called to arrange for me to go down and enroll. When I went to a special est guest seminar the next week, I was surprised to see that it began jointly with a Hunger Project seminar. My general impression was that there was no difference between the two.” Hunger Project staffers expended so much energy trying to get Noyes to join est that they neglected to collect his Hunger Project enrollment card or to convince him to contribute time or money to the Project.

Such pressure in recruiting new est members comes as no surprise to anyone familiar with the organization. Est has monthly enrollment quotas and staffers are put under enormous pressure to fill them. “Werner once put out a list of ways to recruit people to est,” explains one disillusioned former est staffer. “You would not believe the lengths staffers were asked to go to get people in the training. F someone called est by mistake, you know, a wrong number, you were supposed to not hang up but to try to recruit him. You were supposed to recruit your lover, your mate, your friends, your family, the milkman or paper boy. It was incredible.” According to another former staff member, Werner explained the purpose of the Hunger Project as that of increasing enrollments in the est training.

One has only to do some minor arithmetic to determine how potentially lucrative a recruitment arm the Hunger Project is. There are, so far, about 180,000 enrollees in the Project. About two-thirds of them have not done est. This means est has more than 100,000 potential students in close reach. If only half of these people take est, that is $15 million which Erhard can funnel into his offshore tax shelters.

Even when Erhard can’t manage to recruit Hunger Project enrollees into est, est still has managed to get there ear and sometimes their money. Cleverly benefiting from the whole confusion between est and the Hunger Project, est officials recently mounted around the country a series of seminars on hunger, whose proceeds went directly to est. t worked this way: in a number of cities, the est organization held a seven-session “Hunger Project Seminar Series.” Both est graduates and non-graduates were eligible to come. The purpose of the seminars, in a typically estian language, was advertised as being to “support you in realizing your intention in making a difference in the world, in making the world a place that nurtures and enlightens human beings.” The advertisement adds, “to register, call the est Center in the city where you want to take the series.” Forty-two hundred people enrolled at $30 apiece. The money, both Brian Van der Horst and Ellis Deull of the Hunger Project admit, went directly to est.
Where Erhard Launders the Money

Trying to trace the flow of money through Werner Erhard’s est operation is a bit like watching the flight of a golf ball on television. The commentator excitedly shouts “There it goes!” but all you can see is an endless fairway and trees waving in the wind.

In Erhard’s case, the grass and trees that have swallowed up the golf ball are provided chiefly by Harry Margolis, a skillful California lawyer who has improbably combined a leftist past, an enthusiasm for est and an expertise in the arcane and lucrative field of offshore tax shelters.

After examining many documents and interviewing many sources, Mother Jones has pieced together the following picture of the complex financial shell Margolis has built for est:

Erhard Seminars Training, Inc. (EST – the use of the lower case came later) was born late in 1971, when Margolis changed the name of Saratoga Restaurant Equipment, a corporation in his office, to EST.

As EST was being formed, Erhard sold, for a promise of $1 million, what he called his “body of knowledge” to Presentaciones Musicales, S.A. (PMSA), a Panamanian corporation, whose nature, musical or otherwise, remains hidden behind the Panamanian secrecy-in-business laws designed to attract U.S. investors. EST then turned around and paid PMSA $1.2 million for the license to that body of knowledge for ten years.

What’s known of PMSA’s recent history leads to Margolis. Everyone Mother Jones could find who was associated with recent PMSA activities was a Margolis employee.

Another oddity: EST originally had no money to pay PMSA for the license on the body of knowledge. To get the money, EST borrowed $1 million from a Nevada corporation named International Aesthetics Limited (IAL), and sold IAL $200,000 worth of EST stock.

What kind of a company would loan $1 million and invest $200,000 in EST, a then brand-new firm with no success record, no money, no assets and no collateral except an intention to buy a license to use Erhard’s knowledge? Again, the answer leads back to Harry Margolis. All IAL officers and directors worked out of Margolis’ office

This complicated series of paper shuffles created important tax benefits for Erhard. In selling the body of knowledge to PMSA as a capital asset, Erhard could claim that PMSA’s million dollar promise was “capital gain,” rather than ordinary income. Under U.S. tax laws of the time, only half of the $1 million would be as taxable gain. And by receiving a promise to be paid over ten years instead of $1 million cash, Erhard could have the money trickle in slowly enough to avoid placing himself in higher tax brackets.

Did that $1 million really exist somewhere, or did Margolis construct an empty prefabricated tax shelter for a million dollars Erhard hoped to collect in future years from people who took his training?

That is one question the IRS tried to answer when the government, in 1975, indicted Margolis on 23 counts of tax fraud and one count of conspiracy. Mentioned in connection with the indictment were EST, IAL and the two million-dollar deals, which, the government charged, had never really taken place.

Federal lawyers argued that all the paperwork had been drawn up and shuffled by Margolis employees. But in 1977, a jury acquitted him. Court observers say that too many companies hid behind their status as foreign corporations, and ambiguities in tax law confused the jury.

Meanwhile, back to Erhard and the million dollars that may or may not have existed. Prior to the Margolis indictment, the IRS had disallowed Erhard’s claim that the sale of his knowledge brought him capital gain. Furthermore, PMSA’s word that it would pay up sometime during the next ten years wasn’t good enough, n the government’s view, to qualify for taxation on the installment plan.

So the feds slapped Erhard with an income-tax bill on the million dollars, amounting to nearly half that amount. Currently, six tax cases against est and Werner Erhard, dealing with different aspects of their income, are lined up in U.S. Tax Court while Margolis and the RS counsel conduct pre-trial negotiations.

Now, our invisible golf ball suddenly bounces off in a different direction. Perhaps Margolis felt shaky about his prospects of winning a case involving a body of knowledge no one could see, touch, patent or copyright. Or, perhaps, EST income had just outgrown the million-dollar shelter. Whatever the reason, Margolis has created a brand-new set of corporations to house Erhard’s empire. Four months after the IRS began asking for back taxes, public documents recorded the creation of “est, an Educational Corporation” – a for-profit California business, owned by Werner Erhard Charitable Settlement – a tax-exempt trust on the Isle of Jersey. Any est profits flow to Jersey, after the government diverts 30 percent to the U.S. treasury.

But 30 percent s a big dip. So est the second, like EST the first, shows a paltry profit, when it shows one at all. How can est avoid showing a profit when we know 161,395 people have taken Werner Erhard’s training, now selling at $300 a shot? A good question. The answer s that before reporting any income, est pays for the use of Erhard’s “knowledge.” That knowledge has now found its way from Panama to its current owner, Welbehagen, B.V., a Dutch corporation. Est pays royalties to Welbehagen for using the body of knowledge, while Welbehagen pays only 7 percent in Dutch taxes. Then, all Welbehagen’s after-tax profits go to the Werner Erhard Foundation for est, which s headquartered in Switzerland.

Just how much may be piling up in Switzerland is hard to say, since Swiss tax returns are private. Available documents show that through April 30, 1973, EST, in its first corporate incarnation, paid out nearly $300,000 in “interest” and “amortization.” How much of that – or whether all of that – went to Welbehagen, the Swiss foundation or Erhard, no one knows.

During the first six months of est’s reborn corporate existence, revenues through February of 1976 totaled almost $6 million. Nearly one-fourth was reported to have been paid out in “interest” and “amortization.”

Income and expense figures since March of 1976 are unavailable.

What of Erhard’s first million? PMSA no longer owes it, since Erhard cancelled the contract without payment in 1975. Last year, at Margolis’ trial, Erhard couldn’t remember whether he was still owed the million dollars.
Like a Temperance Union?

Erhard claims that the Hunger Project has the support of other organizations that have been working for years to eradicate hunger. In February of 1978, he met in Washington, D.C., with representatives of those organizations to explain the Project to them. Erhard, Prosterman, Van der Horst – all insist the meeting was a fantastic success. Ellis Deull, the New York attorney who is president of the Hunger Project, optimistically explains that people from hunger organizations are thrilled about the Project. “They’re delighted to have us aboard,” he enthused.

This positive reaction is contradicted by the facts. The San Francisco Chronicle reported a skeptical-to-hostile reception of Erhard at that February meeting. Many of the most influential people in anti-hunger organizations are quite critical of the Hunger Project.

Lester Brown, for example. Vicki Sant was evasive when asked why Brown, who heads the Worldwatch Institute and is a widely respected expert in the field of world food problems, failed to appear at the Washington meeting. Mrs. Sant explained that he was absent from the dinner because he was “out of town.” Yet internal Hunger Project memos state very clearly that Brown did not attend because he was, in principle, against the project. When pressed again about Brown’s lack of involvement, Mrs. Sant replied that Brown was not involved “because he just isn’t.” Brown, however, says he has repeatedly explained to Vicki Sant his objections to the Hunger Project, and that he is quite outspoken about why he just isn’t involved. “You have to do more than just collect pledge cards to end hunger. They [the Hunger Project] remind me of when I was a boy, and they used to pass out cards for the Women’s Christian Temperance Union in church,” Brown elaborates. “I can’t speak for the others who signed up, but they didn’t work all that well for me.

“I have serious doubts about the social value of the Hunger Project,” Brown continues, “about its real contribution to the alleviation of hunger. It’s probably collected more money in the name of hunger and done the least about hunger than any group I can think of. Anyone who has a real concern about hunger has to have some understanding and concern for social justice in developing countries, about existing inequitable structures, about rapid population growth. I can’t see the Hunger Project doing anything about this.”
The Man in the Mobile Chair

The Hunger Project staffers, who busily recruit Project volunteers into est, insist that to understand the Hunger Project, you must understand Werner. If you want to understand Werner, take the training. That is Werner. They are right; the Hunger Project is Werner’s. Whatever it does leads right up to his front door, then inside the hallways, through the thickly decorated rooms and the extraordinarily invasive comfort of his Franklin Street Victorian mansion in San Francisco.

Any experience of Werner Erhard is orchestrated in advance. The environment in which he lives is as much a part of an interview with him as the words he purrs out – thousands of them, wending their way past logical intervention – or the warm handshake of greeting, or the obligatory parting hug. The interior of the Franklin House is overwhelming, opulent, dripping good taste and prosperity. Plants – perfectly watered and tended to so that not the slightest brown curls the end of leaf – protrude from enormous wicker baskets. In the midst of this modern décor is a collection of African and Oriental gods and goddesses, among them an ancient Buddha. Puzzled, or in impassable resignation, he tends to his inner life while above him, from the midst of a clutter of ferns, a single rocket-shaped sculpture juts out from the wall. The tip is whittled to a sharp point. Lethal, phallic, primitive, it seems a reminder that no matter how carefully assembled is this collection of dormant divinity, the primary theme is power – hard, driving, alive, spikelike, nailed through the trappings of aesthetics.

I am told, as I walk in, where the interview will take place. “Here is your chair,” a young man points to a thick, overstuffed armchair. “Put your tape recorder here,” he points to a table, “and here is where Werner will sit.” Erhard’s chair, unlike any other in the room, is a comfortable office chair on casters, apparently out of place in this well-decorated living room/library.

After a half-hour delay, Erhard finally appears. He is better-looking than his stage or screen image. He is filled with charm. From his perfectly coiffed head to perfectly shod toe, the effect is deliberate and immaculate. Clean-shaven, white-shirted – several buttons, but not too many, open from the collar – he is a blend of browns that match the beiges and browns of the room in which we sit.

He smiles, shakes my hand, tells me how much he appreciates all the work I’ve put into this article. A rare thing, he compliments, to do so much work. Then, after the preliminary flattery, he begins to tell me the Hunger Project line. Word for word he goes on and on. When he is not intent on seduction, he is haranguing. And suddenly, the role of the chairs becomes clear. I am stationary, sitting back from him some six or eight feet. But he moves. He rolls in and back, intense and then relaxed, close and far. In control, while I am immobile.

The Hunger Project, he says, is about one thing and one thing only. “The Hunger Project represents a significant opportunity for us to learn what the principles of things working are. If we can discover the principles by which you end hunger and starvation,” he explains, his eyes monitoring my every gesture, “we can discover the principles by which you handle … prejudice, by which you handle … violence.” The pauses around the words are deliberate.

Because of its political and social value, the Hunger Project, Erhard declaims as if addressing 10,000 people at the Coliseum, is immune to the bad publicity est has received. “I don’t think that est’s relationship to the Hunger Project is really very much of a detriment. I think you can make a case for its being a detriment, but I don’t think that it is,” Erhard continues. “In fact, it’s proven that it’s not. The enrollments in the Hunger Project are an absolute statement that est is not a problem for people. That doesn’t mean that it’s not a problem for some people.

The main person for whom est is not a problem is, of course, Erhard himself. Despite the fact that the law makes distinctions between for-profit and nonprofit corporations, Erhard seems to think that a “really big” person does not occupy himself with such pettiness. “For me,” he explains, “the whole issue of what’s est and what isn’t est had disappeared. I know that is not true for most of the rest of the world, but, for me, the boundaries have kind of washed away. I’m fairly clear that whatever’s happening in est is really happening in the world, so how can you call it est? It’s what’s happening, and I’m very clear it’s what’s happened. I used to be clear about that when nobody was clear about it. And therefore I didn’t see much use in saying it very often, although I did from time to time. But now I don’t think it’s my clarity any more. I think that people are pretty clear it’s what’s happening.

Struggling to find a way out of this extraordinary, overwhelming maze of language, I ask Erhard about his connection with the controversial tax attorney Harry Margolis, one of the IRS’s prime targets in its attempt to close offshore tax loopholes. Erhard’s continuing relationship to Margolis – whom he says he would never abandon because it’s simply not his policy to “sacrifice” people, even if they were indicted for tax fraud (of which, he cautions, Margolis has been acquitted) – seems particularly ironic. For here is a Project that Jimmy Carter feels he will be able to support, but that is rooted in est, an organization heavily tied into the offshore tax havens Carter constantly rails against. But Erhard has never been troubled with irony, either on the score of Margolis or his own efforts to pay as little taxes as possible. “It’s incumbent on a person to be responsible within the system in which they function to function in a way that’s most workable For instance, in my personal tax return, I pay the maximum amount of taxes that I can pay,” Erhard outlines his generosity. “I just take a standard deduction, whatever it is. I don’t even understand what I’m saying, totally,” says the man who is responsible for everything in the world, trying to wiggle out of responsibility for this particular issue, “because I don’t know all the words to use. But I don’t make up deductions for my tax return. [But for est] you maximize your assets in an organization by paying the least amount of taxes.”

If Erhard did take the standard deduction on this year’s tax form, it was a radical departure form his past practices; the IRS is now questioning a series of Margolis-engineered deductions that Erhard made in the early ’70s on interest payments to paper corporations overseas, as well as Erhard’ personal expense deductions that the IRS claims are invalid. Ironically, if the IRS has its way on one of the cases and disallows his deductions, they will grant him just that: the standard deduction.

Erhard does not like my line of questioning. He acknowledges that it is my job, my responsibility, but it was not what he had in mind. Nor is my response to him, it seems, a part of his symphony. At our initial greeting, he was thrilled by my efforts. Now, as we part, he dismisses me. “See, I don’t really give a damn what you write because that’s none of my business. That’s your job, and not my job. And I don’t want you telling me how to do my job, so I’m not going to presume to tell you how to do your job. You might even be a jerk and write something stupid, which would really be all right with me,” he says, giving me permission to be an idiot, encompassing my potential stupidity in his world, “because God must have loved us jerks, he put a lot of us around … I don’t think this story is going to make any difference one way or the other. I have very little concern about one day’s output. But, it’s kind of a shame that you had to put so much time in for one output. But that’s the way the business is.”

True, Erhard says, he appreciates me – his experience of my experience of the Hunger Project. As for my story, well, it’s a pity so much effort for nothing. Or, as he tells someone several days later when speaking of our meeting, “You know what happens to magazine articles, they’re used to wrap fish in the next day.”
Behind the Story

Sunday, October 10, 1981. It is the final night of the American Writers Congress in New York City. Two thousand people are jammed into the ancient ballroom of the Roosevelt Hotel in midtown Manhattan. On stage, under floodlights, sit famous writers like E. L. Doctorow, and Toni Morrison. Across the floor, under slowly rising swirls of cigarette smoke, row upon row of writers argue loudly over whether to create a National Writers Union.

The moderator announces that it is time for the final arguments. A tall, black-haired woman in her mid-thirties pushes her way to a microphone. As Suzanne Gordon begins to speak, a mood of excitement sweeps the room. When she finishes, the crowd erupts in cheers. A vote is taken: a lopsided majority in favor of supporting the formation of a National Writers Union.

Suzanne Gordon is an author, an activist, a union organizer, an intellectual. One thing she is not, in her opinion, is an investigative journalist. She doesn’t like to go through records or to read reports. And although she tends to “overresearch” her stories, it is not the facts per se that she is concerned with, but her ability to interpret those facts. She feels that journalistic “objectivity” is a myth and that readers want to know the writer’s point of view. Underlying all of her work is a powerful belief in understanding the important role psychology plays in people’s public and private lives. With considerable writing skill, she concentrates on unusual people and organizations in order to present portraits of the abuse of power.

The daughter of a famous ophthalmologist and educated both in the United States and in Europe, Gordon combines a radical’s sense of outrage at injustice with an intellectual’s appreciation of history, the arts, and language. Her writing is strengthened by her fluency in French, Italian, Spanish, and Yiddish and her working grasp of Russian. She has authored books as diverse as a photojournalistic exposé of strip mining on Indian lands in the Southwest (Black Mesa, the Angel of Death), a portrait of loneliness as a social problem (Lonely in America), and a study of dependence and authority in ballet (Off Balance: The Real World of Ballet).

It was a reference in a newspaper article that set her off on the trail of the Hunger Project. She had written about the self-improvement organization est (for Erhard Seminars Training) in Lonely in America. Her interest focused on Erhard’s use of the ideology of obedience as a tool for psychological manipulation. As an advocate of social change, she perceived Erhard’s work as a “justification of the status quo.” Est was, in her view, not an “ideology of change” but an “ideology of acceptance, particularly acceptance of authority which basically makes people feel that anything they are doing is fine as long as they accept full ‘responsibility’ for it.”

When she read that est, with a certain degree of hoopla, had announced the creation of something called the Hunger Project, “it was” she says, “like a crick in the neck. I knew there was something interesting to explore. I suspected that their motives were not altruistic. But I also recognized that it would take a lot of digging to find that out.”

Gordon called Adam Hochschild, an editor at Mother Jones, for advice. Hochschild assigned the story and sent Gordon to the Center for Investigative Reporting. At the Center, staff members agreed to help and research interns Lori Lieberman and Arnold Levinson were assigned to the project.

The team decided to divide the investigation into three sections. Gordon remembers the first part as “me being out there, interviewing people in the Hunger Project and est and finding out their motives.”

The second part of the investigation would be to send Center researchers into the Hunger Project itself – to see the operation from the inside and check whether the “official” version Gordon was getting was accurate.

Finally, it was necessary to put one researcher – Arnold Levinson – on the trail of the money. In the story’s earliest stages, the team turned up public records that included a number of complicated Tax Court cases involving Erhard and est; these demanded closer scrutiny if the Hunger Project’s fiancés were to be understood.

As a first step the team gathered the Hunger Project’s promotional literature, catalogued the names of the people involved, and noted which public events seemed worth attending. Erhard announced a series of large public meetings in various cities across the country to launch the project. Gordon attended one of these rallies, a huge event held in San Francisco’s Cow Palace.

“Everybody had a little name tag, hair perfectly coiffed, trousers with noticeable creases, dresses all sleek. They looked like they never sat down, and they all looked like clones, with duplicate smiles. There was a mammoth video screen on the stage, and then suddenly there was Werner at the microphone, and above him was an image of Werner, larger than life.”

Erhard’s speech contained no plan for giving money to hungry people, nor was there a discussion of the political causes of hunger in Third World countries. Instead Erhard announced the Hunger Project’s “line” – that hunger was a problem because everybody thought it was a problem. It was all in our minds. And if we could all just decide that “ending world hunger by 1997 was an idea whose time had come,” that would in effect end the problem.

The group’s seminars and slick brochures represented a major financial outlay – the kind of expenditures by a nonprofit enterprise that raise an investigative reporter’s suspicions, especially if they are purportedly in the pursuit of feeding the world’s hungry. After all, what was in this for est – and Erhard? Investigative reporters have come to expect that things are usually more than they seem.

The U.S. Tax Court in Washington, D.C., contains details and documents to excite the most jaded of investigative minds. Here is where the IRS disputes the tax returns of the wealthy and powerful, and figures on income and holdings for individuals and corporations are open to public scrutiny. The Tax Court had become the resting place for numerous documents on the operation of the Erhard empire.

“The combination, I think, of the three strands of investigation was really central,” says Gordon. “I don’t think any one of us working alone could have produced the story.

“We had three different ways of proceeding with our work – me going in the front door, others going almost undercover, and Arnold looking at records and tracing the money.”

Gordon began her work by meeting with Brian Van der Horst, who was public relations representative for est at the time. “With Brian, I concentrated on being very charming. I dressed up and tried to look nice and so forth. He was a bit wary of me in the beginning, because of previous articles I’d written critical of est, but instead of being confrontational, I simply told him the truth, which was that I was fascinated by est’s move into the social change business. What I didn’t say was that I suspected it was a fake. But, in fact, I didn’t know at the time it was a fake, or how it was a fake.” If she had found the Hunger Project to be a genuine effort at alleviating world hunger, Gordon would have dropped her investigation.

Meanwhile, Dan Noyes and Lori Lieberman from the Center volunteered to work at the Hunger Project. They used their real names and addresses and did the work they were assigned. In addition, they carefully observed the operation and reported back on their experiences. Both reporters wrote frequent memos about their work, noting what they had one, whom they had met, and what they had overheard or seen.

The ethics of undercover work are debated energetically throughout the field of journalism. Many observers are concerned that overeager reporters may become participants in stories and influence the information and events they want to describe. Like the undercover FBI or police agent who goes awry proving loyalty to an organization in order to gain its trust, reporters may trip over their own stealth and alter a story significantly. Overzealous deception or unfair methods may harm the public trust in journalists. This is an area of journalism that demands the most thoughtful consideration and should be used only when its benefits seem to outweigh its drawbacks.

In the case of the Hunger Project, Noyes and Lieberman did not attempt to infiltrate the organization or gain the trust and confidence of its leaders for “inside” information. They went as volunteers into a program open to the general public, and they tried to observe and ask questions, not influence events. Noyes set a rule for himself: he would not mention the word est until someone else said it first. In this way, he would try to avoid making a possibly nonexistent connection between the two organizations.

The undercover work turned out to be vital in making the direct link between est and the Hunger Project. As Gordon explains, “We had no idea at first that one of the purposes of the HP was to pressure people to take the est training, which cost three hundred dollars. We found this out because both Noyes and Lieberman were pressured repeatedly to take est. And furthermore, one day in the bathroom, Lori overheard another HP volunteer being accosted by several Hunger Project staff members who insisted she take est. Then, as a final corroboration, I myself was pressured to do est by Ellis Deull, who was the president of the Hunger Project. He even said he’d pay for the training. I got numerous phone calls from a woman in the HP office who tried to get me to take the training.”

Noyes and Lieberman’s discovery of the use of the HP to channel volunteers into est was a pivotal moment in the investigation. Internal Revenue Service rules governing tax-exempt organizations restrict financial benefits for individuals. This made the question of where est’s money was going all the more critical.

Arnold Levinson had been asked to trace the financial transactions. He first assembled whatever corporate records were available from the federal and state agencies that regulate businesses. “I had to learn the hard way to find the shortcuts,” he remembers. “For instance, I found a bored secretary in the state government who began to give me information it had taken me days to find on my own. Clerical workers were not accustomed to reporters digging out documents on their own. They were used to businesses demanding to be helped. So I figured the best attitude to assume was that of a businessman.”

Soon he found that “the more I dug, the more trails there were.” To help him understand where all the footprints led, he pieced together a chronology of est’s corporate history, relying heavily on est’s own rebuttal to a critical magazine article by Jesse Kornbluth in New Times in 1976.

Still, tracking the convolutions of est’s money demanded great persistence when Levinson began to uncover a complex scheme of shifting money overseas to tax havens. This arcane world of blind trusts, nameless accounts, and faceless money is understood by only a handful of lawyers who study the intricacies of the tax code as though it were a page-turning thriller. In the case of est, all the money trails led back to one man – Harry Margolis, the tax lawyer who appeared to be the mastermind behind Erhard’s international empire.

Therefore a crucial goal was to obtain an interview with Margolis. Levinson learned of some lawyers who had worked with Margolis in the past and contacted them first. He spoke with reporters who had interviewed Margolis and with government prosecutors who had fought him in court. From these sources, Levinson pieced together a portrait of a competitive man “who likes to match wits with people.”

By persevering when early attempts to obtain an interview failed, Levinson eventually got Margolis on the telephone. “Margolis said his partners advised him not to talk to me but then he went ahead and did anyway,” which seemed to fit his reputation. During the ensuing interview, Margolis confirmed and explained many details of est’s financial scheme, enabling Levinson to outline the complicated financial dealings in an instructive sidebar to Gordon’s feature.

Meeting with U.S. government attorneys proved every bit as tricky as the Margolis interview. Not wanting to endanger their various tax cases against Margolis, these officials declined any interviews for the record, but eventually agreed to meet Levinson on a “background” basis only. Luckily for the story, they had recently lost a tax case to Margolis and were more than eager to explain what they had been trying to prove to the judge in that particular case. “In the end, I probably understood the operation almost as well as the U.S. attorneys,” Levinson says – largely because he had conducted a thorough investigation when the government attorneys were strapped for time and resources.

Levinson’s use of background sources points out a tricky relationship in journalism: the reporter and the source. Journalists need to discern when they can let an interview be on-the-record (for direct attribution), off-the-record (no quotation or attribution), or for quotation but no attribution. Reporters must determine when they need to go off-the-record to get someone to talk, but also how to keep someone on-the-record to ensure that readers will know their involvement in the story. The only rule of this relationship is that there are no rules.

While Levinson pursued his financial sleuthing, Gordon was meeting numerous new people – members of the so-called hunger community introduced to her by the est PR man. One of these was Roy Prosterman, whose past included a “land reform” job in Vietnam. The background checks of Prosterman and other Hunger Project “experts” were supplied by Center researchers. “Prosterman, we discovered, had been talking about hunger for years, but he and his issue had never made it big,” Gordon remembers. “He was a very self-conscious kind of guy, who had been going to basement meetings for years. Suddenly, Erhard was taking him seriously in return for Prosterman giving Erhard legitimacy. Now Prosterman was talking to five thousand and ten thousand people at a time.”

The Center’s research identified a list of “legitimizers” like Prosterman – somewhat successful people in and around the government, recruited by est to promote the Hunger Project to press and public. “Roger Sant was another,” Gordon explains. “He had been in and out of government. He was the assistant administrator of the Federal Energy Administration under President Ford. Now he was directory of another energy agency. Sant’s wife, Vicki Sant, was regional director of the Hunger Project in Washington; the couple used their connections to generate new SOIPs [Sphere of Influence People, in est’s internal language] for the Hunger Project’s use.” The Sants introduced Erhard to White House drug and food policy adviser Dr. Peter Bourne, who became interested in the Hunger Project.

During a trip to Washington, Gordon went to the White House and interviewed Bourne. “He was an Australian, and while interviewing him I realized that he had no political constituency whatsoever. He had gotten to where he was, basically, because he catered to Roslyn Carter’s interest in mental health and drugs.” Bourne later left the Carter administration in disgrace after it was revealed he had issued a phony drug prescription for a White House staff member.

“My analysis of the people in and around the Hunger Project was that they were marginal people,” Gordon explains. When she was drafting the piece, before Bourne fell from power, she described him as “someone who could be gone if he did anything to offend anyone” – a phrase that was deleted when it proved itself accurate before the story was published.

Gordon’s interest in understanding the people in this story and their motives was rooted in her analysis that “Erhard wanted to get into Washington, and he had to have an ‘issue’ to get there, and this was his issue – world hunger.” To pave the way, he needed people like Prosterman, Sant, and Bourne.

The culmination of Gordon’s investigation was an interview with Erhard himself. Getting an interview with the key figure can help to make or break an investigative story. A flat denial or an unrevealing discussion can lead editors, or producers in the electronic media, to kill what is otherwise a good story. Gordon was able to meet Erhard in his headquarters in San Francisco. In preparation, Gordon met with Center staff members many times to plan strategy. “We decided in the end that I am not a confrontational reporter and that Erhard would smell me out if I tried that approach. Instead, I decided to play it ‘laid back’ and let Werner do the talking.”

While Erhard kept her waiting, Gordon tried to relax and think about how she wanted him to perceive her. “I decided I was going to be the absolute model of an interested and open-minded reporter.” Once the meeting had begun, Gordon noted the little details of their mutual situation, or “context” as Erhard would put it. Gordon’s chair was stationary. Erhard’s had wheels – and he made use of them. He rolled away and then toward her, coming close enough to rest his hand on her knee, then rolling back again. “It was as though he would completely lose contact with me. He was in his own ‘space,’ as he was always saying, and he had just completely lost contact with the subject at hand. It was important to him, though, to show how important he was. At various points in our discussion, he turned to the people he had there with him and asked them to remind him what it was he had said at a particular time. AT another point he wanted to quote from something, so he sent someone to get the book. This person returned briskly with the book and Erhard read it to me.”

After letting the show go on for a time, Gordon injected several of her prepared questions in to the discussion – questions about where the Hunger Project’s money was going and what the connection between HP and est was. Erhard began to show displeasure at this turn of events. And Gordon realized that despite his seeming “loss of contact” with her, Erhard had in fact been “trying to play directly to me” all along.

“Now, from a psychological point of view, this really became interesting,” Gordon explains. “I had never seen anybody put so much energy into trying to manipulate before. It was fascinating to watch somebody whose total being was involved in trying to seduce you and convince you. It certainly was not the way most of us function. I mean, you either win or lose an argument.”

Gordon’s questions about Margolis and the IRS made Erhard visibly nervous. He denied that anything wrong had been done and then abruptly ended the interview session. Before he left the room, though, he put in what Gordon called a “parting shot,” what became the final two paragraphs in her story.

At this stage of her investigation, Gordon felt she had everything she needed to write her story: the HP was not sending the money it raised to help alleviate world hunger; HP staff members were pressuring volunteers to take the est training; Erhard and est had constructed an intricate financial structure that included offshore tax shelters; and finally, Erhard, the man who had created this strange empire in the first place, had given a revealing interview.

But the key to Gordon’s story was her analysis that Erhard had created the HP partly as a way to gain legitimacy in the corridors of power, especially Washington, D.C. And by a stroke of luck, in the final weeks before her Mother Jones deadline, Gordon uncovered two sources who were in positions to corroborate her analysis. A friend introduced her to someone who had previously worked at a high level in the est organization and who had become disenchanted with Erhard’s ambitions. The source agreed to meet with Gordon on a confidential basis. “This person confirmed an enormous amount of my analytical, psychological, and financial findings about Erhard and est and the HP,” Gordon says. The source, however, was very nervous at first about talking to a reporter. “To get my foot in the door, I had to say I wasn’t going to use anything, that this was a very preliminary conversation, that I was just interested in understanding the phenomena. In this case we liked each other and it went quite well. We met several times.”

Gordon’s confidential source did not supply any new information but rather served to confirm the findings of the team’s investigation, thereby strengthening Gordon’s confidence in the material she was about to write. A second person with access to est’s internal operations also confirmed her analysis.

Gordon says she has found this kind of “end confirmation source” on other occasions as well and draws a lesson from the experience: “I think that sometimes you’re tempted as a reporter to stop interviewing people at the point when you feel that you’ve essentially heard it all already. But even if that turns out to be the case, the discovery of a ‘rubber-stamper’ really helps the writing process. So it’s important to follow that last lead even though you might feel, ‘I already know everything there is to know about this story.'”

In October 1978, Mother Jones held a press conference to announce the release of the story in the magazine’s December issue. At the door to the magazine’s office on the day of the press conference, neatly dressed leafleteers handed out a not-so-veiled threat to the reporters who attended. The leaflet stated that the Hunger Project was going to sue Mother Jones, and any publication that republished the magazine’s information, for libel. This lawsuit was never filed, but the Hunger Project’s tactic appeared to limit press coverage of the story – for a while. Later, however, Newsweek magazine reported the group’s action against Mother Jones as an attempt to intimidate the press, and several publications around the country published follow-up articles similar to Gordon’s story.

Gordon herself wrote a psychological portrait of Erhard in the Village Voice and then had a final, brief encounter with Erhard in Washington, D.C.

Erhard was in Washington to lead seminars on the topic “Completing Your Relationships,” and his press agent had arranged for him to be interviewed by National Public Radio (NPR). NPR, which had aired several commentaries by Gordon on various subjects, asked her to do the interview. When Erhard was introduced to Gordon he “looked startled,” Gordon recalls. We got into the interview book, and he said to me, ‘Are you the Suzanne Gordon?’ And I said, ‘Well, I’m Suzanne Gordon.’ And Erhard said: ‘This is a setup. I’m not going to do this interview. Once burned, shame on you. Twice burned, shame on me.’ And he walked out.”

The team also received reports that at est public meetings up to ten minutes were devoted to sending “bad vibes” toward Mother Jones and Suzanne Gordon. Later, a Mother Jones editor discovered that est trainers were shown a videotape of Gordon’s original interview with Erhard as an exercise in “how to handle hostile press.” Gordon was outraged that she had been secretly videotaped, but in reconstructing the scene she realized she probably did not have a legal basis for seeking redress. “I remember that before the interview they asked, ‘Is it okay if we tape this?’ They had a tape recorder and so did I and I said, ‘Sure.’ I had no idea they were videotaping me. But they kept the shades tightly closed, which seemed odd in the middle of the afternoon….”

Today Gordon is an associate editor at Modern Times magazine in Boston and continues to write books and occasional magazine articles. She believes that “journalists are the documenters of our age, so it’s important to not just be a journalist. I think journalists should know about psychology, sociology, anthropology, history, and politics. It’s important not just to say something, but to have something to say. All too often, investigative reporters have been like private detectives, which is helpful on a certain level, but they need also to develop a perspective on the information they lay out to people.”

Assessing her own strength as an interviewer, Gordon feels it is due to her attempt to have “conversations,” not interviews. And she transcribes the tapes herself, a “painful and boring process” but one that forces her to review each source. “That reminds me of the person, and as I’m listening to the tape, I make notes to myself of what I thought of the person or of what they were saying.”

She feels comfortable, she says, only when she has too much information for the assignment in question. “If I’ve been assigned four thousand words, then I’ll invariably write six thousand and let the editors cut it down. It’s sort of like psychoanalysis, you know. Freud used to say, ‘Don’t censor yourself, just say what comes into your mind and that will be productive and interesting.’ It’s the same way with writing. If you begin to censor yourself, you might leave out something important. I prefer to let the magazine editors be the censor because I find it just works out better that way.”

Five years after “Let Them Eat est” was published, the Hunger Project apparently is still thriving. According to the group’s publicity, there are now 2.4 million people enrolled in the project – a fivefold increase since 1978. Roy Prosterman and Peter Bourne are still active in the organization, and Werner Erhard remains on the board of directors. A brochure boasts that the Hunger Project distributes the “world’s largest-circulation publication on hunger” and financed an advertising campaign that “raised one million dollars in direct donations to organizations providing relief in Cambodia and Thailand.”

After the article appeared, the Hunger Project tried to “establish its own credibility and viability in the hunger community,” according to an organization official. Headquarters were moved out of est’s offices to a luxurious two-story building in San Francisco. Although the busy office was no longer physically part of est, the language and grooming styles present there revealed to the casual visitor that Erhard’s influence was still strong.

Besides the threatened lawsuit against Mother Jones, the Hunger Project has reacted strongly against other reporters who have attempted to cover the group’s activities. Pat Lynch, then an NBC News reporter, stated that the Hunger Project carried out a four-month campaign to discredit her while she was preparing what eventually became an NBC Evening News segment in 1980. And when Dan Noyes was asked by a radio station in 1983 to participate in a program with a Hunger Project spokesperson, the organization refused to appear. Instead they requested a tape of the program with Noyes alone for review by the group’s lawyer.

Meanwhile, Werner Erhard has taken on new social issues: the physically and mentally disabled, refugees, and development in the Third World. One project, called the Community Workshop, is similar to the Hunger Project in both its approach and its tax-exempt structure. It attempts to end another global problem: juvenile delinquency.

Postscript/March 1979

By Adam Hochschild

This issue marks Mother Jones’ third anniversary. We’re celebrating with some extra pages, a splash of color, and best of all, by being attacked by the outraged target of a recent exposé.

The piece in question was our December 1978 report by Suzanne Gordon and Arnold Levinson on the tangled affairs of “consciousness” guru Werner Erhard, his “est” organization, his offshore tax shelters and his new Hunger Project that is supposed to end world starvation in 20 years.

Erhard’s people reacted before the magazine was even off the presses. After seeing only a press release, a top est official called up one Mother Jones editor in the middle of the night to scream, “This is all untrue! This is libelous! … Is it too late to be changed?” A day later, we held a press conference to break the story. Two people from the Hunger Project stood in our building’s lobby and leafleted all arriving reporters. Their statement announced that the Hunger Project was going to sue Mother Jones, New West magazine (which had run an advance report on our story) and any other news media that reported these similar charges.

This sort of attempt to intimidate the news media into silence is increasingly frequent among cult groups around the country. (Several now trade information on this and other methods of trashing their critics – see story on p. 8.) Werner Erhard’s est, of course, does not take the bizarre or violent directions of some groups, but there are still common elements to all of these present-day authoritarian cults: a charismatic, male messiah whose followers believe he can do no wrong, threats and lawsuits against critics, and a deep hostility to reporters who investigate too closely.

Although the Hunger Project’s threats scared the Associated Press away from using the story until AP’s lawyers cleared it, they otherwise failed. Our story was picked up all over the country and summarized on ABC’s Good Morning America. The Hunger Project frantically announced, then cancelled, a press conference of its own.

A few days later, on October 31, we were particularly hoping the Hunger Project would hurry up and sue. On that day, its emissaries would have found the entire MJ staff dressed as Total Woman, Gustave von Aschenbach, a Vietnam-era soldier or various other things – in preparation for our Halloween party.

An est/Hunger Project messenger did arrive the next day, but not with a lawsuit. Instead, it was another press release, again saying the group was going to sue Mother Jones and all media that reported our story. Erhard’s people sent this to newspapers all over the country. Mother Jones couldn’t have had better publicity.

This document rises five shrill pages to a crescendo in which MJ is accused of demeaning not just the Hunger Project, but 500 million hungry people around the world. Stung by reports that it had “no comment” on our charges, the Hunger Project says it can’t comment because, supposedly, it’s going to sue us. However, the release adds, “It should be understood that this is not a statement of ‘no statement’ or ‘no comment.'”

A final story: shortly after this week-of-the-non-lawsuit, an est “graduate seminar” took place in Los Angeles. In concluding, the seminar leader announced he was going to play a special tape sent down from headquarters in San Francisco. The tape consisted of somebody reading the five-page press release. “Now,” said the leader, “I want all of you to close your eyes for a few minutes, in silence, and focus all your negative energy on the people responsible for this terrible slander.”

So that explains it. For, on a certain day last month, typewriters in the Mother Jones office suddenly jammed. The lights went out. A cloud of bats flew in the window. An editor stubbed his toe.

Mother Jones intends to sue for damages.

RE/Search Interview with William S. Burroughs (1982)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 07/05/2011

I say all these words are not premature, these words may be too late. – William S. Burroughs

R/S: Do you think they could take a disoriented person out of prison and program him to become an assassin and the person wouldn’t really know exactly what he’s doing?

WSB: I think it’s possible, but it seems to me it’s more trouble than it’s worth. If you really want the job done you don’t want a disoriented person–of course you’ve got an alibi there, no one can pin it on you, but…still, it’s an around-the-world-oxcart way of doing it! But it’s certainly within the range of possibility.

R/S: What about telepathic suggestion to the subject while they’re asleep?

WSB: Well they wouldn’t have to be telepathic–they could do that with microphones, sort of subliminal microphones. As to how effective the suggestions would be I just don’t know. All these people are talking about hearing voices, telling them to do these things. Now where do the voices come from? Well this is one of the symptoms, of course, of schizophrenia, and we know now that the voices come from a non-dominant brain hemisphere, whichever that is. In fact you can produce voices by electronic stimulation of the non-dominant brain hemisphere in normal subjects. So that’s the line to take–if you can get it into the non-dominant brain hemisphere, then it has this terrific power: people can’t disobey it. But only certain people would be subject to that kind of conditioning…

R/S: How can we strengthen our psychic defenses?

WSB: There are whole books on that. Dion Fortune wrote a fairly good book, Psychic Self-Defense, It’s not a bad book–old-fashioned–but there’s some good tips in there. How to know when you’re under psychic attack, what to do about it, and so on. There are quite a few–that’s a fairly good one. There’s something by David Conway called Magic: An Occult Primer–that’s a very good book.

RE/Search # 4/5: William S. Burroughs, Brion Gysin, Throbbing Gristle

On the Need for New Criteria of Diagnosis of Psychosis in the Light of Mind Invasive Technology

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 07/05/2011

Carole Smith

For those of us who were trained in a psychoanalytical approach to the patient which was characterised as patient centred, and which acknowledged that the effort to understand the world of the other person entailed an awareness that the treatment was essentially one of mutuality and trust, the American Psychiatry Association’s Diagnostic Criteria for Schizotypal personality was always a cause for alarm. The Third Edition (1987) of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) required that there be at least four of the characteristics set out for a diagnosis of schizophrenia, and an approved selection of four could be: magical thinking, telepathy or sixth sense; limited social contact; odd speech; and over-sensitivity to criticism. By 1994, the required number of qualifying characteristics were reduced to two or more, including, say, hallucinations and ‘negative ‘ symptoms such as affective flattening, or disorganised or incoherent speech – or only one if the delusions were bizarre or the hallucination consisted of a voice keeping up a running commentary on the person’s behaviour or thoughts. The next edition of the DSM is not due until the year 2010.

In place of a process of a labelling which brought alienation and often detention, sectioning, and mind altering anti-psychotic medication, many psychoanalysts and psychotherapists felt that even in severe cases of schizoid withdrawal we were not necessarily wasting our time in attempting to restore health by the difficult work of unravelling experiences in order to make sense of an illness. In this way, psychoanalysis has been, in its most radical form, a critic of a society, which failed to exercise imaginative empathy when passing judgement on people. The work of Harry Stack Sullivan, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Harold Searles or R.D. Laing – all trained as psychiatrists and all of them rebels against the standard procedures – provided a way of working with people very different from the psychiatric model, which seemed to encourage a society to repress its sickness by making a clearly split off group the carriers of it. A psychiatrist in a mental hospital once joked to me, with some truth, when I commented on the number of carrier bags carried by many of the medicated patients around the hospital grounds, that they assessed the progress of the patient in terms of the reduction of the number of carrier bags. It is too often difficult to believe, however, when hearing the history of a life, that the “schizophrenic” was not suffering the effects of having been made, consciously and unconsciously, the carefully concealed carrier of the ills of the family.

For someone who felt his mind was going to pieces, to be put into the stressful situation of the psychiatric examination, even when the psychiatrist acquitted himself with kindness, the situation of the assessment procedure itself, can be ‘an effective way to drive someone crazy, or more crazy.’ (Laing, 1985, p 17). But if the accounting of bizarre experiences more or less guaranteed you a new label or a trip to the psychiatric ward, there is even more reason for a new group of people to be outraged about how their symptoms are being diagnosed. A doubly cruel sentence is being imposed on people who are the victims of the most appalling abuse by scientific-military experiments, and a totally uncomprehending society is indifferent to their evidence. For the development of a new class of weaponry now has the capability of entering the brain and mind and body of another person by technological means.

Harnessing neuroscience to military capability, this technology is the result of decades of research and experimentation, most particularly in the Soviet Union and the United States. (Welsh, 1997, 2000) We have failed to comprehend that the result of the technology that originated in the years of the arms race between the soviet Union and the West, has resulted in using satellite technology not only for surveillance and communication systems but also to lock on to human beings, manipulating brain frequencies by directing laser beams, neural-particle beams, electro-magnetic radiation, sonar waves, radiofrequency radiation (RFR), soliton waves, torsion fields and by use of these or other energy fields which form the areas of study for astro-physics. Since the operations are characterised by secrecy, it seems inevitable that the methods that we do know about, that is, the exploitation of the ionosphere, our natural shield, are already outdated as we begin to grasp the implications of their use. The patents deriving from Bernard J. Eastlund’s work provide the ability to put unprecedented amounts of power in the Earth’s atmosphere at strategic locations and to maintain the power injection level, particularly if random pulsing is employed, in a manner far more precise and better controlled than accomplished by the prior art, the detonation of nuclear devices at various yields and various altitudes. (ref High Frequency Active Auroral Research Project, HAARP).

Some patents, now owned by Raytheon, describe how to make “nuclear sized explosions without radiation” and describe power beam systems, electromagnetic pulses and over-the-horizon detection systems. A more disturbing use is the system developed for manipulating and disturbing the human mental process using pulsed radio frequency radiation (RFR), and their use as a device for causing negative effects on human health and thinking. The victim, the innocent civilian target is locked on to, and unable to evade the menace by moving around. The beam is administered from space. The Haarp facility as military technology could be used to broadcast global mind-control, as a system for manipulating and disturbing the human mental process using pulsed radio frequency (RFR). The super-powerful radio waves are beamed to the ionosphere, heating those areas, thereby lifting them. The electromagnetic waves bounce back to the earth and penetrate human tissue.

Dr Igor Smirnov, of the Institute of Psycho-Correction in Moscow, says: “It is easily conceivable that some Russian ‘Satan’, or let’s say Iranian – or any other ‘Satan’, as long as he owns the appropriate means and finances, can inject himself into every conceivable computer network, into every conceivable radio or television broadcast, with relative technological ease, even without disconnecting cables…and intercept the radio waves in the ether and modulate every conceivable suggestion into it. This is why such technology is rightfully feared.”(German TV documentary, 1998).

If we were concerned before about diagnostic criteria being imposed according to the classification of recognizable symptoms, we have reason now to submit them to even harsher scrutiny. The development over the last decades since the Cold War arms race has included as a major strategic category, psycho-electronic weaponry, the ultimate aim of which is to enter the brain and mind. Unannounced, undebated and largely unacknowledged by scientists or by the governments who employ them – technology to enter and control minds from a distance has been unleashed upon us. The only witnesses who are speaking about this terrible technology with its appalling implications for the future, are the victims themselves and those who are given the task of diagnosing mental illness are attempting to silence them by classifying their evidence and accounts as the symptoms of schizophrenia, while the dispensers of psychic mutilation and programmed pain continue with their work, aided and unopposed.

If it was always crucial, under the threat of psychiatric sectioning, to carefully screen out any sign of confused speech, negativity, coldness, suspicion, bizarre thoughts, sixth sense, telepathy, premonitions, but above all the sense that “others can feel my feelings, and that someone seemed to be keeping up a running commentary on your thoughts and behaviour,” then reporting these to a psychiatrist, or anyone else for that matter who was not of a mind to believe that such things as mind-control could exist, would be the end of your claim to sanity and probably your freedom. For one of the salient characteristics of mind-control is the running commentary, which replicates so exactly, and surely not without design, the symptoms of schizophrenia. Part of the effort is to remind the victim that they are constantly under control or surveillance. Programmes vary, but common forms of reminders are electronic prods and nudges, body noises, twinges and cramps to all parts of the body, increasing heart beats, applying pressures to internal organs – all with a personally codified system of comments on thoughts and events, designed to create stress, panic and desperation. This is mind control at its most benign. There is reason to fear the use of beamed energy to deliver lethal assaults on humans, including cardiac arrest, and bleeding in the brain.

It is the government system of secrecy, which has facilitated this appalling prospect. There have been warning voices. “…the government secrecy system as a whole is among the most poisonous legacies of the Cold War …the Cold War secrecy (which) also mandate(s) Active Deception…a security manual for special access programs authorizing contractors to employ ‘cover stories to disguise their activities. The only condition is that cover stories must be believable.” (Aftergood & Rosenberg, 1994; Bulletin of Atomic Scientist). Paranoia has been aided and abetted by government intelligence agencies.

In the United Kingdom the fortifications against any disturbing glimmer of awareness of such actual or potential outrages against human rights and social and political abuses seem to be cast in concrete. Complete with crenellations, ramparts and parapets, the stronghold of nescience reigns supreme. To borrow Her Majesty the Queen’s recent observation: “There are forces at work of which we are not aware.” One cannot say that there is no British Intelligence on the matter, as it is quite unfeasible that the existence of the technology is not classified information. Indeed it is a widely held belief that the women protesting against the presence of cruise missiles at Greenham Common were victims of electro-magnetic radiation at gigahertz frequency by directed energy weapons, and that their symptoms, including cancer, were consistent with such radiation effects as reported by Dr Robert Becker who has been a constantly warning voice against the perils of electro-magnetic radiation. The work of Allen Frey suggests that we should consider radiation effects as a grave hazard producing increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier, and weakening crucial defenses of the central nervous system against toxins. (Becker, 1985, p. 286). Dr Becker has written about nuclear magnetic resonance as a familiar tool in medecine known as magnetic resonance imaging or MRI. Calcium efflux is the result of cyclotronic resonance which latter can be explained thus: If a charged particle or ion is exposed to a steady magnetic field in space, it will begin to go into a circular or orbital, motion at right angles to the applied magnetic field.The speed with which it orbits will be determined by the ratio between the charge and the mass of the particle and by the strength of the magnetic field. (Becker, 1990,p.235) The implications of this for wide scale aggression by using a combination of radar based energy and the use of nuclear resonating are beyond the scope of the writer, but appear to be worth the very serious consideration of physicists in assessing how they might be used against human beings.

Amongst medical circles, however, it has so far not been possible for the writer to find a neuroscientist, neurologist or a psychiatrist, nor for that matter, a general medical practitioner, who acknowledges even the potential for technological manipulation of the nervous system as a problem requiring their professional interest. There has been exactly this response from some of England’s most eminent practitioners of the legal profession, not surprisingly, because the information about such technology is not made available to them. They would refer anyone attempting to communicate mind- harassment as a psychiatric problem, ignoring the crime that is being committed.

The aim here is not to attempt a comprehensive history and development of the technology of mind control. These very considerable tasks – which have to be done under circumstances of the most extreme difficulty – have been addressed with clarity and courage by others, who live with constant harm and threats, not least of all contemptuous labelling. Their work can be readily accessed on the internet references given at the end of this paper. For a well-researched outline of the historical development of electro-magnetic technology the reader should refer to the timeline of dates and electromagnetic weapon development by Cheryl Welsh, president of Citizens against Human Rights Abuse. (Welsh 1997; 2001). There are at least one and a half thousand people worldwide who state they are being targeted. Mojmir Babacek, now domiciled in his native Czech Republic, after eight years of residence in the United States in the eighties, has made a painstakingly meticulous review of the technology, and continues his research. (Babacek 1998, 2002)

We are concerned here with reinforcing in the strongest possible terms:

i) The need for such abuses to human rights and the threats to democracy to be called to consciousness, and without further delay.

ii) To analyse the reasons why people might defend themselves from becoming conscious of the existence of such threats.

iii) To address the urgent need for intelligence, imagination, and information – not to mention compassion – in dealing with the victims of persecution from this technology, and

iv) To alert a sleeping society, to the imminent threats to their freedom from the threat from fascist and covert operations who have in all probability gained control of potentially lethal weaponry of the type we are describing.

It is necessary to emphasise that at present there is not even the means for victims to gain medical attention for the effects of radiation from this targeting. Denied the respect of credulity of being used as human guinea pigs, driven to suicide by the breakdown of their lives, they are treated as insane – at best regarded as ‘sad cases’. Since the presence of a permanent ‘other’ in one’s mind and body is by definition an act of the most intolerable cruelty, people who are forced to bear it but who refuse to be broken by it, have no other option than to turn themselves into activists, their lives consumed by the battle against such atrocities, their energies directed to alerting and informing the public of things they don’t want to hear or understand about evil forces at work in their society.
It is necessary, at this point, to briefly outline a few – one might say the precious few – attempts by public servants to verify the existence and dangers inherent in this field:

* In January 1998, an annual public meeting of the French National Bioethics Committee was held in Paris. Its chairman, Jean-Pierre Changeux, a neuroscientist at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, told the meeting that “advances in cerebral imaging make the scope for invasion of privacy immense. Although the equipment needed is still highly specialized, it will become commonplace and capable of being used at a distance. That will open the way for abuses such as invasion of personal liberty, control of behaviour and brainwashing. These are far from being science-fiction concerns…and constitute “a serious risk to society.” (“Nature.” Vol 391, 1998.
* In January 1999, the European Parliament passed a resolution where it calls “ for an international convention introducing a global ban on all development and deployment of weapons which might enable any form of manipulation of human beings. It is our conviction that this ban can not be implemented without the global pressure of the informed general public on the governments. Our major objective is to get across to the general public the real threat which these weapons represent for human rights and democracy and to apply pressure on the governments and parliaments around the world to enact legislature which would prohibit the use of these devices to both government and private organisations as well as individuals.” (Plenary sessions/Europarliament, 1999)
* In October 2001, Congressman Dennis J. Kucinich introduced a bill to the House of Representatives which, it was hoped would be extremely important in the fight to expose and stop psycho-electronic mind control experimentation on involuntary, non-consensual citizens. The Bill was referred to the Committee on Science, and in addition to the Committee on Armed Services and International Relations. In the original bill a ban was sought on ‘exotic weapons’ including electronic, psychotronic or information weapons, chemtrails, particle beams, plasmas, electromagnetic radiation, extremely low frequency (ELF) or ultra low frequency (ULF) energy radiation, or mind control technologies. Despite the inclusion of a prohibition of the basing of weapons in space, and the use of weapons to destroy objects or damage objects in space, there is no mention in the revised bill of any of the aforementioned mind-invasive weaponry, nor of the use of satellite or radar or other energy based technology for deploying or developing technology designed for deployment against the minds of human beings. (Space Preservation Act, 2002)

In reviewing the development of the art of mind-invasive technology– there are a few outstanding achievements to note:

In 1969 Dr Jose Delgado, a Yale psychologist, published a book: “Physical Control of the Mind: Towards a Psychocivilized Society”. In essence, he displayed in practical demonstrations how, by means of electrical stimulation of the brain which had been mapped out in its relations between different points and activities, functions and sensations, – by means of electrical stimulation, how the rhythm of breathing and heartbeat could be changed, as well as the function of most of the viscera, and gall bladder secretion. Frowning, opening and closing of eyes and mouth, chewing, yawning, sleep, dizziness, epileptic seizures in healthy persons were induced. The intensity of feelings could be controlled by turning the knob, which controlled the intensity of the electric current. He states at the end of his book the hope that the new power will remain limited to scientists or some charitable elite for the benefit of a “psychocivilized society.”

In the 1980’s the neuromagnetometer was developed which functions as an antenna and could monitor the patterns emerging from the brain. (In the seventies the scientists had discovered that electromagnetic pulses enabled the brain to be stimulated through the skull and other tissues, so there was no more need to implant electrodes in the brain). The antenna, combined with the computer, could localize the points in the brain where the brain events occur. The whole product is called the magnetoencephalograph.

In January 2000 the Lockheed Martin neuroengineer Dr John D. Norseen, was quoted (US News and World Report, 2000) as hoping to turn the electrohypnomentalaphone, a mind reading machine, into science fact. Dr Norseen, a former Navy pilot, claims his interest in the brain stemmed from reading a Soviet book in the 1980’s claiming that research on the mind would revolutionize the military and society at large. By a process of deciphering the brain’s electrical activity, electromagnetic pulsations would trigger the release of the brain’s own transmitters to fight off disease, enhance learning, or alter the mind’s visual images, creating a ‘synthetic reality’. By this process of BioFusion, (Lockheed Martin, 2000) information is placed in a database, and a composite model of the brain is created. By viewing a brain scan recorded by (functional) magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine, scientists can tell what the person was doing at the time of recording – say reading or writing, or recognise emotions from love to hate. “If this research pans out”, says Norseen, “you can begin to manipulate what someone is thinking even before they know it.” But Norseen says he is ‘agnostic’ on the moral ramifications, that he’s not a mad scientist – just a dedicated one. “The ethics don’t concern me,” he says, “but they should concern someone else.”

The next big thing looks like being something which we might refer to as a neurocomputer but it need not resemble a laptop – it may be reducible to whatever size is convenient for use, such as a small mobile phone. Arising from a break-through and exploitation of PSI-phenomena, it may be modelled on the nervous-psychic activity of the brain – that is, as an unbalanced, unstable system of neurotransmitters and interacting neurones, the work having been derived from the creation of a copy of a living brain – accessed by chance, and ESP and worked on by design.

On receiving a communication from the writer on the feasibility of a machine being on the horizon which, based on the project of collecting electromagnetic waves emanating from the brain and transmitting them into another brain that would read a person’s thoughts, or using the same procedure in order to impose somebody else’s thoughts on another brain and in this way direct his actions – there was an unequivocal answer from IBM at executive level that there was no existing technology to create such a computer in the foreseeable future. This is at some variance with the locating of a patent numbered 03951134 on the Internet pages of IBM Intellectual Property Network for a device, described in the patent, as capable of picking up at a distance the brain waves of a person, process them by computer and emit correcting waves which will change the original brain waves. Similar letters addressed to each of the four top executives of Apple Inc., in four individual letters marked for their personal attention, produced absolutely no response. This included the ex- Vice President of the United States, Mr Al Gore, newly elected to the Board of Directors of Apple.

Enough people have been sufficiently concerned by the reports of victims of mind control abuse to organise The Geneva Forum, in 2002, held as a joint initiative of the Quaker United Nations Office, Geneva; the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research; the International Committee of the Red cross, and the Human Rights Watch (USA), and Citizens against Human Rights Abuses (CAHRA); and the Programme for Strategic and International Security Studies, which was represented by the Professor and Senior Lecturer from the Department of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford.

In England, on May 25, 1995, the Guardian newspaper in the U.K. carried an article based on a report by Nic Lewer, the peace researcher from Bradford University, which listed “more than 30 different lines of research into ‘new age weapons’…”some of the research sounds even less rational. There are, according to Lewer, plans for ‘pulsed microwave beams’ to destroy enemy electronics, and separate plans for very-low-frequency sound beams to induce vomiting, bowel spasm, epileptic seizures and also crumble masonry.” Further, the article states, “There are plans for ‘mind control’ with the use of ‘psycho-correction messages’ transmitted by subliminal audio and visual stimuli. There is also a plan for ‘psychotronic weapons’ – apparently the projection of consciousness to other locations – and another to use holographic projection to disseminate propaganda and misinformation.” (Welsh, Timeline). Apart from this notable exception it is difficult to locate any public statement of the problem in the United Kingdom.

Unfortunately, the problem of credulity does not necessarily cease with frequent mention, as in the United States, in spite of the number of reported cases, there is still not sufficient public will to make strenuous protest against what is not only already happening, but against what will develop if left unchecked. It appears that the administration believes that it is necessary and justifiable, in the interests of national security, to make experimental human sacrifices, to have regrettable casualties, for there to be collateral damage, to suffer losses in place of strife or war. This is, of course, totally incompatible with any claims to be a democratic nation which respects the values of human life and democracy, and such an administration which tutors its servants in the ways of such barbaric tortures must be completely condemned as uncivilised and hypocritical.

Disbelief as a Defence Mechanism

In the face of widespread disbelief about mind-control, it seems worth analysing the basis of the mechanisms employed to maintain disbelief:

i) In the sixties, Soviet dissidents received a significant measure of sympathy and indignant protest from western democracies on account of their treatment, most notedly the abuse of psychiatric methods of torture to which they were subjected. It is noteworthy that we seem to be able to access credulity, express feelings of indignant support when we can identify with victims, who share and support our own value system, and who, in this particular historical case, reinforced our own values, since they were protesting against a political system which also threatened us at that time. Psychologically, it is equally important to observe that support from a safe distance, and the benefits to the psyche of attacking a split-off ‘bad father’, the soviet authorities in this case, presents no threat to one’s internal system; indeed it relieves internal pressures. On the other hand, recognizing and denouncing a similar offence makes very much greater psychic demands of us when it brings us into conflict with our own environment, our own security, our own reality. The defence against disillusion serves to suppress paranoia that our father figure, the president, the prime minister, our governments – might not be what they would like to be seen to be.

ii) The need to deposit destructive envy and bad feelings elsewhere, on account of the inability of the ego to acknowledge ownership of them – reinforces the usefulness of persons or groups, which will serve to contain those, disowned, projected feelings which arouse paranoid anxieties. The concepts of mind-invasion strike at the very heart of paranoid anxiety, causing considerable efforts to dislodge them from the psyche. The unconscious identification of madness with dirt or excrement is an important aspect of anal aggression, triggering projective identification as a defence.

iii) To lay oneself open to believing that a person is undergoing the experience of being invaded mentally and physically by an unseen manipulator requires very great efforts in the self to manage dread.

iv) The defence against the unknown finds expression in the split between theory and practice; between the scientist as innovator and the society who can make the moral decisions about his inventions; between fact and science fiction, the latter of which can present preposterous challenges to the imagination without undue threat, because it serves to reinforce a separation from the real.

v) Identification with the aggressor. Sadistic fantasies, unconscious and conscious, being transferred on to the aggressor and identified with, aid the repression of fear of passivity, or a dread of punishment. This mechanism acts to deny credulity to the victim who represents weakness. This is a common feature of satanic sects.

vi) The liberal humanist tradition which denies the worst destructive capacities of man in the effort to sustain the belief in the great continuity of cultural and scientific tradition; the fear, in one’s own past development, of not being ‘ongoing’, can produce the psychic effect of reversal into the opposite to shield against aggressive feelings. This becomes then the exaggerated celebration of the ‘new’ as the affirmation of human genius which will ultimately be for the good of mankind, and which opposes warning voices about scientific advances as being pessimistic, unenlightened, unprogressive and Luddite. Strict adherence to this liberal position can act as overcompensation for a fear of envious spoiling of good possessions, i.e. cultural and intellectual goods.

vii) Denial by displacement is also employed to ignore the harmful aspects of technology. What may be harmful for the freedom and good of society can be masked and concealed by the distribution of new and entertaining novelties. The technology, which puts a camera down your gut for medical purposes, is also used to limit your freedom by surveillance. The purveyors of innovative technology come up with all sorts of new gadgets, which divert, entertain and feed the acquisitive needs of insatiable shoppers, and bolster the economy. The theme of “Everything’s up to date in Kansas City” only takes on a downside when individual experience – exploding breast implants, say – takes the gilt off the gingerbread. Out of every innovation for evil (i.e. designed for harming and destroying) some ‘good’ (i.e. public diversion or entertainment) can be promoted for profit or crowd-pleasing.

viii) Nasa is sending a spacecraft to Mars, or so we are told. They plan to trundle across the Martian surface searching for signs of water and life. We do not hear dissenting voices about its feasibility.

Why is it that, when a person accounts that their mind is being disrupted and they are being persecuted by an unseen method of invasive technology, that we cannot bring ourselves to believe them? Could it be that the horror involved in the empathic identification required brings the shutters down? Conversely, the shared experience of the blasting of objects into space brings with it the possibilities of shared potency or the relief that resonates in the unconscious of a massive projection or evacuation – a shared experience which is blessed in the name of man’s scientific genius.

ix) The desire ‘not to be taken in’, not to be taken for a fool, provides one of the most powerful and common defence mechanism against credulity.

Power, Paranoia and Unhealthy Governments

The ability to be the bearer and container of great power without succumbing to the pressures of latent narcissistic psychoses is an important matter too little considered. The effect of holding power and the expectation and the need to be seen as capable of sustaining it, if not exercising it, encourages omnipotence of thought. In the wake of this, a narcissistic overevaluation of the subject’s own mental processes may set in. In the effort to hold himself together as the possessor, container and executor of power, he (or indeed, she) may also, undergo a process of splitting which allows him, along with others, to bear enthralled witness of himself in this illustrious role. This may mean that the seat of authority is vacated, at least at times. The splitting process between the experiencing ego and the perceiving ego allows the powerful leader to alternate his perception of himself inside and outside, sometimes beside, himself. With the reinforcement of himself from others as his own narcissistic object, reality testing is constrained. In this last respect, he has much in common with the other powerful figure of the age, the movie star. or by those, in Freud’s words, who are “ruined by success.”

In a world, which is facing increasing disillusion about the gulf between the public platforms on which governments are elected, and the contingencies and pragmatics of retaining defence strategies and economic investments, the role of military and intelligence departments, with their respective tools of domination and covert infiltration, is increasingly alarming. Unaccountable to the public, protected from exposure and prosecution by their immunity, licensed to lie as well as to kill, it is in the hands of these agents that very grave threats to human rights and freedom lies. Empowered to carry out aggression through classified weapon experimentation which is undetectable, these men and women are also open to corruption from lucrative offers of financial reward from powerful and sinister groups who can utilize their skills, privileged knowledge and expertise for frankly criminal and fascist purposes.

Our information about the psychological profiles of those who are employed to practice surveillance on others is limited, but it is not difficult to imagine the effects on the personality that would ensue with the persistent practice of such an occupation, so constantly exposed to the perversions. One gains little snatches of insight here and there. In his book on CIA mind control research (Marks, 1988), John Marks quotes a CIA colleague’s joke (always revealing for personality characteristics): “If you could find the natural radio frequency of a person’s sphincter, you could make him run out of the room real fast.” (One wonders if the same amusement is derived from the ability to apply, say infra-sound above 130 decibels, which is said to cause stoppage of the heart, according to one victim/activist from his readings of a report for the Russian Parliament.)

Left to themselves, these servants of the state may well feel exempt from the process of moral self-scrutiny, but the work must be dehumanising for the predator as well as the prey. It is probably true that the need to control their agents in the field was an incentive to develop the methods in use today. It is also an effectively brutalising training for persecuting others. Meanwhile the object, the prey, in a bid for not only for survival but also in a desperate effort to warn his or her fellows about what is going on, attempts to turn himself into a quantum physicist, a political researcher, a legal sleuth, an activist, a neurologist, a psychologist, a physiologist – his own doctor, since he cannot know what effects this freakish treatment might have on his body, let alone his mind. There are always new methods to try out which might prove useful in the search to find ways of disabling and destroying opponents – air injected into brains and lungs, lasers to strike down or blind, particle beams, sonar waves, or whatever combination of energies to direct, or destabilise or control.

Science and Scepticism

Scientists can be bought, not just by governments, but also by sinister and secret societies. Universities can be funded by governments to develop technology for unacceptably inhumane uses. The same people who deliver the weapons – perhaps respected scientists and academics – may cite the acceptable side of scientific discoveries, which have been developed by experimenting on unacknowledged, unfortunate people. In a cleaned up form, they are then possibly celebrated as a break-through in the understanding of the natural laws of the universe. It is not implausible that having delivered the technical means for destruction, the innovator and thinker goes on, wearing a different hat, to receive his (or her) Nobel Prize. There are scientists who have refused to continue to do work when they were approached by CIA and Soviet representatives. These are the real heroes of science.

In the power struggle, much lies at stake in being the first to gain control of ultimate mind-reading and mind-controlling technology. Like the nuclear bomb, common ownership would seem by any sane calculations to cancel out the advantage of possession, but there is always a race to be the first to possess the latest ultimate means of mass destruction. The most desirable form is one that can be directed at others without contaminating oneself in the process – one that can be undetected and neatly, economically and strategically delivered. We should be foolish to rule out secret organisations, seeing threat only from undemocratic countries and known terrorist groups.

As consumers in a world which is increasingly one in which shopping is the main leisure activity, we should concern ourselves to becoming alert to the ways in which human welfare may have been sacrificed to produce an awesome new gadget. It may be the cause for celebration for the ‘innovator’, but brought about as the result of plugging in or dialling up the living neuronal processes of an enforced experimentee. If we are concerned not to eat boiled eggs laid by battery hens, we might not regard it morally irrelevant to scrutinise the large corporations producing electronically innovative ‘software.’ We might also be wary about the origins of the sort of bland enticements of dating agencies who propose finding your ideal partner by matching up brain frequencies and ‘bio-rhythms’.

We do not know enough about the background of such technology, nor how to evaluate it ethically. We do not know about its effects on the future, because we are not properly informed. If governments persist in concealing the extent of their weapon capability in the interests of defence, they are also leaving their citizens disempowered of the right to protest against their deployment. More alarmingly, they are leaving their citizens exposed to their deployment by ruthless organisations whose concerns are exactly the opposite of democracy and human rights.

Back in the United Kingdom

Meanwhile, back in England, the Director of the Oxford Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Professor Colin Blakemore, also the elective Chief Executive of the Medical Research Council writes to the author that he “… knows of no technology (not even in the wildest speculations of neuroscientists) for scanning and collecting ‘neuronal data’ at a distance.” (Blakemore, 2003, ) This certitude is at distinct variance with the fears of other scientists in Russia and the United States, and not least of all with the fears of the French neuroscientist, Jean-Pierre Changeux of the French National Bioethics Committee already quoted (see page 5). It is also very much at odds with the writing of Dr Michael Persinger from the Behavioural Neuroscience Laboratory at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. His article “On the Possibility of Directly Accessing Every Human Brain by Electromagnetic Induction of Algorithms” (1995), he describes the ways that individual differences among human brains can be overcome and comes to a conclusion about the technological possibilities of influencing a major part of the approximately six billion people on this planet without mediation through classical sensory modalities but by generating electromagnetic induction of fundamental algorithms in the atmosphere. Dr Persinger’s work is referred to by Captain John Tyler whose work for the American Air Force and Aerospace programmes likens the human nervous system to a radio receiver. (1990)

Very recently the leading weekly cultural BBC radio review had as one of its guests, the eminent astro-physicist and astronomer royal, Sir Martin Rees, who has recently published a book, “Our Final Century”, in which he makes a sober and reasoned case for the fifty-fifty chance that millions of people, probably in a ‘third-world country’ could be wiped out in the near future through biotechnology and bio-terrorism – “by error or malign release.” He spoke of this devastation as possibly coming from small groups or cults, based in the United States. “…few individuals with the right technology to cause absolute mayhem.” He also said that in this century, human nature is no longer a fixed commodity, that perhaps we should contemplate the possibility that humans would even have implants in the brain.

The other guests on this programme were both concerned with Shakespeare, one a theatre producer and the other a writer on Shakespeare, while his remaining guest was a young woman who had a website called “Spiked”, the current theme of which was Panic Attack, that is to say, Attack on Panic. This guest vigorously opposed what she felt was the pessimism of Sir Martin, regarding his ideas as essentially eroding trust, and inducing panic. This reaction seems to typify one way of dealing with threat and anxiety, and demonstrates the difficulty that a warning voice, even from a man of the academic distinction of Martin Rees, has in alerting people to that which they do not want to hear. This flight reaction was reinforced by the presenter who summed up the morning’s discussion at the end of the programme with the words: “We have a moral! Less panic, more Shakespeare!”

The New Barbarism

Since access to a mind-reading machine will enable the operator to access the ideas of another person, we should prepare ourselves for a new world order in which ideas will be, as it were, up for grabs. We need not doubt that the contents of another’s mind will be scooped up, scooped out, sorted through as if the event was a jumble sale. The legal profession would therefore be well advised to consider the laws on Intellectual Property very judiciously in order to acquit themselves with any degree of authenticity. We should accustom ourselves to the prospect of recognizing our work coming out of the mouth of another. The prospect of wide-scale fraud, and someone posturing in your stolen clothes will not be a pretty sight. The term “personal mind enhancement” is slipping in through the back door, to borrow a term used by the Co-Director of the Center for Cognitive Liberty and Ethics, and it is being done through technologically-induced mental co-ercion – mind raping and looting. In place of, or in addition to, cocaine, we may expect to see ‘mind-enhanced’ performances on “live” television.

The brave new science of neuropsychiatry and brain mapping hopes to find very soon, with the fMRI scanner – this “brand new toy that scientists have got their hands on” – “the blob for love” and “the blob for guilt”, (BBC Radio 4: All in the Mind, 5 March, 2003). Soon we will be able to order a brain scan for anyone whose behaviour strikes us as odd or bizarre, and the vicissitudes of a life need no longer trouble us in our diagnostic assessments. In his recent Reith Lectures for the BBC (2003), Professor Ramachandran, the celebrated neuroscientist from the La Hoya Institute in San Diego, California, has demonstrated for us many fascinating things that the brain can do. He has talked to us about personality disorders and shown that some patients, who have suffered brain damage from head injury, do not have the capacity to recognise their mothers. Others feel that they are dead. And indeed he has found brain lesions in these people. In what seems to be an enormous but effortless leap, the self-styled “kid in a candy store” is now hoping to prove that all schizophrenics, have damage to the right hemisphere of the brain, which results in the inability to distinguish between fantasy (sic) and reality. Since Professor Ramachandran speaks of schizophrenia in the same breath as denial of illness, or agnosia, it is not clear, and it would be interesting to know, whether the person with the head injury has been aware or unaware of the head injury. Also does the patient derive comfort and a better chance at reality testing when he is told of the lesion? Does he feel better when he has received the diagnosis? And what should the psychoanalysts – and the psychiatrists, – feel about all those years of treating people of whose head injuries they were absolutely unaware? Was this gross negligence? Were we absolutely deluded in perceiving recovery in a sizeable number of them?

It is, however, lamentable that a neuroscientist with a professed interest in understanding schizophrenia should seek to provide light relief to his audience by making jokes about schizophrenics being people who are “convinced that the CIA has implanted devices in their brain to control their thoughts and actions, or that aliens are controlling them.” (Reith Lecture, No 5, 2003).

There is a new desire for concretisation. The search for meaning has been replaced by the need for hard proof. If it doesn’t light up or add up it doesn’t have validity. The physician of the mind has become a surgeon. “He found a lump as big as a grapefruit!”

Facing up to the Dread and Fear of the Uncanny

Freud believed that an exploration of the uncanny would be a major direction of exploration of the mind in this century. The fear of the uncanny has been with us for a very long time. The evil eye, or the terrifying double, or intruder, is a familiar theme in literature, notably of Joseph Conrad in The Secret Sharer, and Maupassant’s short story, Le Horla. Freud’s analysis of the uncanny led him back to the old animistic conception of the universe: “…it seems as if each one of us has been through a phase of individual development corresponding to the animistic phase in primitive men, that none of us has passed through it without preserving certain residues and traces of it which are still capable of manifesting themselves, and that everything which now strikes us as ‘uncanny’ fulfils the condition of touching those residues of animistic mental activity within us and bringing them to expression.” (Freud: 1919. p.362)

The separation of birth, and the childhood fear of ‘spooks in the night’, also leave their traces in each and every one of us. The individual experience of being alone in one’s mind – the solitary fate of man which has never been questioned before, and upon which the whole history of civilised nurture is based – is now assaulted head-on. Since growing up is largely synonymous with acceptance of one’s aloneness, the effort to assuage it is the basis for compassion and protection of others; it is the matrix for the greatest good, that of ordinary human kindness, and is at the heart of the communicating power of great art. Even if we must all live and die alone, we can at least share this knowledge in acts of tenderness which atone for our lonely state. In times of loss and mental breakdown, the starkness of this aloneness is all too clear. The best of social and group constructiveness is an effort to allay the psychotic anxieties that lie at the base of every one of us, and which may be provoked under extreme enough conditions.

The calculated and technological entry into another person’s mind is an act of monumental barbarism which obliterates– perhaps with the twiddling of a dial – the history and civilisation of man’s mental development. It is more than an abuse of human rights, it is the destruction of meaning. For any one who is forced into the hell of living with an unseen mental rapist, the effort to stay sane is beyond the scope of tolerable endurance. The imaginative capacity of the ordinary mind cannot encompass the horror of it. We have attempted to come to terms with the experiments of the Nazis in concentration camps. We now have the prospect of systematic control authorised by men who issue instructions through satellite communications for the destruction of societies while they are driving new Jaguars and Mercedes, and going to the opera.

This is essentially about humiliation, and disempowerment. It is a manifestation of rage acted out by those who fear impotence with such dread, that their whole effort is directed into the emasculation and destruction of the terrifying rival of their unconscious fantasies. In this apocalypse of the mind the punitive figure wells up as if out of the bowels of the opera stage, and this phantasmagoria is acted out on a global scale. These men may be mad enough to believe they are creating a ‘psychocivilised world order”. For anyone who has studied damaged children, it is more resonant of the re-enactment from the unconscious, reinforced by a life devoid of the capacity for empathic identification, of the obscenities of the abused and abusing child in the savage nursery. Other people -which were to them like Action Man toys to be dismembered, or Barbie Dolls to be obscenely defiled – become as meaningless in their humanity as pixillated dots on a screen.

Although forced entry into a mind is by definition obscene, an abbreviated assessment of the effects that mind-invaded people describe testifies to the perverted nature of the experiments. Bizarre noises are emitted from the body, a body known well enough by its owner to recognise the noises as extrinsic; air is pumped in and out of orifices as if by a bicycle pump. Gradually the repertoire is augmented – twinges and spasms to the eyes, nose, lips, strange tics, pains in the head, ringing in the ears, obstructions in the throat, pressure on the bowel and bladder causing incontinence; tingling in the fingers, feet, pressures on the heart, on breathing, dizziness, eye problems leading to cataracts; running eyes, running nose; speeding up of heart beats and the raising of pressure in the heart and chest; breathing and chest complaints leading to bronchitis and deterioration of the lungs; agonizing migraines; being woken up at night, sometimes with terrifying jolts ; insomnia; intolerable levels of stress from the loss of one’s privacy. This collection of assorted symptoms is a challenge to any medical practitioner to diagnose.

There are, more seriously, if the afore-going is characterised as non-lethal, the potential lethal effects since the capability of ultrasound and infra-sound to cause cardiac arrest, and brain lesions, paralysis and blindness, as well as blinding by laser beam, or inducing asphyxia by altering the frequencies which control breathing in the brain, epileptic seizure – all these and others may be at the fingertips of those who are developing them. And those who do choose to use them may be sitting with the weapon, which resembles, say, a compact mobile telephone, on the restaurant table next to the bottle of wine, or beside them at the swimming pool.

Finally – if the victims at this point in the new history of this mind-control, cannot yet prove their abuse, it must be asserted that, faced with the available information about technological development – it is certainly not possible for those seeking to evade such claims – to disprove them. To wait until the effects become widespread will be too late.

* For these and other reasons which this paper has attempted to address, we would call for an acknowledgement of such technology at a national and international level. Politicians, scientists and neurologists, neuroscientists, physicists and the legal profession should, without further delay, demand public debate on the existence and deployment of psychotronic technology; and for the declassification of information about such devices which abuse helpless people, and threaten democratic freedom.
* Victims’ accounts of abuse should be admitted to public account, and the use of psycho-electronic weapons should be made illegal and criminal,
* The medical profession should be helped to recognise the symptoms of mind-control and psychotronic abuse, and intelligence about their deployment should be declassified so that this abuse can be seen to be what it is, and not interpreted automatically as an indication of mental illness.

If, in the present confusion and insecurity about the search for evidence of weapons of mass destruction, we conclude that failure to locate them – whatever the truth of the matter –encourages us to be generally complacent, then we shall be colluding with very dark forces at work if we conclude that a course of extreme vigilance signifies paranoia. For there may well be other weapons of mass destruction being developed and not so far from home; weapons which, being even more difficult to locate, are developed invisibly, unobstructed, unheeded in our midst, using human beings as test-beds. Like ESP, the methods being used on humans have not been detectable using conventional detection equipment. It is likely that the signals being used are part of a physics not known to scientists without the highest level of security clearance. To ignore the evidence of victims is to deny, perhaps with catastrophic results, the only evidence which might otherwise lead the defenders of freedom to becoming alert to the development of a fearful new methods of destruction. Manipulating terrorist groups and governments alike, these sinister and covert forces may well be very thankful for the professional derision of the victims, and for public ignorance.

Copyright – The Author


Laing, R.D. (1985) : Wisdom, Madness and Folly: The Making of a Psychiatrist. Macmillan, 1985

Welsh, Cheryl (1997): Timeline of Important Dates in the History of Electromagnetic Technology and Mind Control, at: http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~welsh/timeline.htm

Welsh, Cheryl (2001):Electromagnetic Weapons: As powerful as the Atomic Bomb, President Citizens Against Human Rights Abuse, CAHRA Home Page: U.S. Human Rights Abuse Report: http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~welsh/emr13.htm

Begich, Dr N. and Manning, J.: 1995 Angels Don’t Play this HAARP, Advances in Tesla Technology, Earthpulse Press.

ZDF TV: “Secret Russia: Moscow – The Zombies of the Red Czars”, Script to be published in Resonance, No. 35

Aftergood, Steven and Rosenberg, Barbara: “The Soft Kill Fallacy”, in The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Sept/Oct 1994.

Becker, Dr Robert: 1985,The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life, William Morrow, N.Y.

Babacek, Mojmir: International Movement for the Ban of Manipulation of The Human Nervous System: http://mindcontrolforums.com/babacek.htm and go to: Ban of Manipulation of Human Nervous System

“Is it Feasible to Manipulate the Human Brain at a Distance?”

“Psychoelectronic Threat to Democracy” http://mindcontrolforums.com/babacek.htm

Nature: “Advances in Neuroscience May Threaten Human Rights”, Vol, 391, Jan. 22, 1998, p. 316; (ref Jean- Pierre Changeux)

Space Preservation Act: Bill H.R.2977 and HR 3616 IH in 107th Congress – 2nd Session: see: http://www.raven1.net/govptron.htm

Sessions European Parliament: http://www.europarl.eu.int/home/default_en.htm?redirected=1
Click at Plenary Sessions, scroll down to Reports by A4 number, click, choose 1999 and fill in oo5 to A4

Delgado, Jose M.R: 1969. “Physical Control of the Mind: Towards a Psychocivilized Society”, Vol. 41, World Perspectives, Harper Row, N.Y.

US News & World Report: Lockheed Martin Aeronautics/ Dr John Norseen; Report January 3/10 2000, P.67

Freud, Sigmund: 1919: Art and Literature:” The Uncanny”. Penguin,
Also “Those Wrecked by Success.”

Marks, John: 1988 :The CIA and Mind Control – the Search for the Manchurian Candidate, ISBN 0-440-20137-3

Persinger, M.A. “On the Possibility of Directly Accessing Every Human Brain by Electromagnetic Induction of Fundamental Algorythms”; In Perception and Motor Skills, June, 1995, vol. 80, p. 791 – 799

Tyler, J.“Electromagnetic Spectrum in Low Intensity Conflict,” in “Low Intensity Conflict and Modern Technology”, ed. Lt. Col. J. Dean, USAF, Air University Press, Centre For Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education, Maxwell Air Force base, Alabama, June, 1986.

Rees, Martin Our Final Century: 2003, Heinemann.

Conrad, Joseph: The Secret Sharer, 1910. Signet Classic.

Maupassant, Guy de: Le Horla, 1886. Livre de Poche.

Address for Correspondence

Carole Smith
E-mail: rockpool@dircon.co.uk


Thelemic Ideas Integrated into Structure of American Society and Government (Behutet No. 42. Modern Thelemic Magick and Culture)

Posted in Thelema by ce399 on 07/05/2011

Those looking for Dan Brown-style compendium of the dark, awful esoterica engineered into our capital’s landscape for nefarious sorcerous purposes will be disappointed. Wasserman hasn’t seen it. Instead he’s discovered a sacred landscape, designed to educate the populace via impression, to incite gnosis, if you will, through a panalopy of visual symbolism: not entirely unlike an initiation ritual.

Over time, the underpinnings of the Enlightenment and Freemasonry continued to evolve and arrived at another marriage of rationalism and religion that would aspire to the “Method of Science and the Aim of Religion.” Part of the insight Wasserman shares with readers is the appreciation of the extent to which Thelemic ideals are already integrated in to the structure of American society and government (if not always perfectly expressed!) and openly celebrated in the public art and architecture of Washington, DC. So mote it be! By Frater Nefer Khabs

Review of The Secrets of Masonic Washington by James Wasserman; Destiny Books; Rochester, VT, 2008. 190 pp from Behutet No. 42. Modern Thelemic Magick and Culture.

International Headquarters
Ordo Templi Orientis
Postfach 33 30 12
D-14180 Berlin, Germany



Activism: ce399 v ACIM “Therapist” ; ce399 v Unity Church (pdf file)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 07/05/2011

The Future of Mind Control (The Economist 23/5/2002)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 07/05/2011

People already worry about genetics. They should worry about brain science too

IN AN attempt to treat depression, neuroscientists once carried out a simple experiment. Using electrodes, they stimulated the brains of women in ways that caused pleasurable feelings. The subjects came to no harm—indeed their symptoms appeared to evaporate, at least temporarily—but they quickly fell in love with their experimenters.

Such a procedure (and there have been worse in the history of neuroscience) poses far more of a threat to human dignity and autonomy than does cloning. Cloning is the subject of fierce debate, with proposals for wholesale bans. Yet when it comes to neuroscience, no government or treaty stops anything. For decades, admittedly, no neuroscientist has been known to repeat the love experiment. A scientist who used a similar technique to create remote-controlled rats seemed not even to have entertained the possibility. “Humans? Who said anything about humans?” he said, in genuine shock, when questioned. “We work on rats.”

Ignoring a possibility does not, however, make it go away. If asked to guess which group of scientists is most likely to be responsible, one day, for overturning the essential nature of humanity, most people might suggest geneticists. In fact neurotechnology poses a greater threat—and also a more immediate one. Moreover, it is a challenge that is largely ignored by regulators and the public, who seem unduly obsessed by gruesome fantasies of genetic dystopias.

A person’s genetic make-up certainly has something important to do with his subsequent behaviour. But genes exert their effects through the brain. If you want to predict and control a person’s behaviour, the brain is the place to start. Over the course of the next decade, scientists may be able to predict, by examining a scan of a person’s brain, not only whether he will tend to mental sickness or health, but also whether he will tend to depression or violence. Neural implants may within a few years be able to increase intelligence or to speed up reflexes. Drug companies are hunting for molecules to assuage brain-related ills, from paralysis to shyness (see article).

A public debate over the ethical limits to such neuroscience is long overdue. It may be hard to shift public attention away from genetics, which has so clearly shown its sinister side in the past. The spectre of eugenics, which reached its culmination in Nazi Germany, haunts both politicians and public. The fear that the ability to monitor and select for desirable characteristics will lead to the subjugation of the undesirable—or the merely unfashionable—is well-founded.

Not so long ago neuroscientists, too, were guilty of victimising the mentally ill and the imprisoned in the name of science. Their sins are now largely forgotten, thanks in part to the intractable controversy over the moral status of embryos. Anti-abortion lobbyists, who find stem-cell research and cloning repugnant, keep the ethics of genetic technology high on the political agenda. But for all its importance, the quarrel over abortion and embryos distorts public discussion of bioethics; it is a wonder that people in the field can discuss anything else.

In fact, they hardly do. America’s National Institutes of Health has a hefty budget for studying the ethical, legal and social implications of genetics, but it earmarks nothing for the specific study of the ethics of neuroscience. The National Institute of Mental Health, one of its component bodies, has seen fit to finance a workshop on the ethical implications of “cyber-medicine”, yet it has not done the same to examine the social impact of drugs for “hyperactivity”, which 7% of American six- to eleven-year-olds now take. The Wellcome Trust, Britain’s main source of finance for the study of biomedical ethics, has a programme devoted to the ethics of brain research, but the number of projects is dwarfed by its parallel programme devoted to genetics.

Uncontrollable fears

The worriers have not spent these resources idly. Rather, they have produced the first widespread legislative and diplomatic efforts directed at containing scientific advance. The Council of Europe and the United Nations have declared human reproductive cloning a violation of human rights. The Senate is soon to vote on a bill that would send American scientists to prison for making cloned embryonic stem cells.

Yet neuroscientists have been left largely to their own devices, restrained only by standard codes of medical ethics and experimentation. This relative lack of regulation and oversight has produced a curious result. When it comes to the brain, society now regards the distinction between treatment and enhancement as essentially meaningless. Taking a drug such as Prozac when you are not clinically depressed used to be called cosmetic, or non-essential, and was therefore considered an improper use of medical technology. Now it is regarded as just about as cosmetic, and as non-essential, as birth control or orthodontics. American legislators are weighing the so-called parity issue—the argument that mental treatments deserve the same coverage in health-insurance plans as any other sort of drug. Where drugs to change personality traits were once seen as medicinal fripperies, or enhancements, they are now seen as entitlements.

This flexible attitude towards neurotechnology—use it if it might work, demand it if it does—is likely to extend to all sorts of other technologies that affect health and behaviour, both genetic and otherwise. Rather than resisting their advent, people are likely to begin clamouring for those that make themselves and their children healthier and happier.

This might be bad or it might be good. It is a question that public discussion ought to try to settle, perhaps with the help of a regulatory body such as the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, which oversees embryo research in Britain. History teaches that worrying overmuch about technological change rarely stops it. Those who seek to halt genetics in its tracks may soon learn that lesson anew, as rogue scientists perform experiments in defiance of well-intended bans. But, if society is concerned about the pace and ethics of scientific advance, it should at least form a clearer picture of what is worth worrying about, and why.


Inner Voice, Target Tracking, and Behavioral Influence Technologies (John J. McMurtrey M.S.) (html)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 05/05/2011

Inner Voice, Target Tracking, and Behavioral Influence Technologies

John J. McMurtrey, M. S.,[a] Copyright 2003, 6 Apr. 2005[b]

Co-authorship is negotiable towards professional publication in an NLM indexed journal, Email- Johnmcmurt@aol.com

Donations toward future research are gratefully appreciated at http://www.slavery.org.uk/FutureResearch.htm


Inner voice transmission development by ultrasound and microwave technique is reviewed as well as target tracking literature.  References recognizing behavioral influence technologies are surveyed along with reported instances of the use of microwave and ultrasound energy forms on people.  Many aspects of the considered literature directly contradict professional presumptions, particularly within the psychological and psychiatric communities.


People discerning remote manipulation corresponding to technology capable of such influence have formed protest organizations across the world. [1] [2] [3] [4]  Educated society is uninformed regarding authentic documentation of the development and existence of these technologies, and is without appreciation of the hazard.  Complaint of ‘hearing voices’ and perception of other remote manipulation must receive appropriate scientific and legal investigation with protection.  Professional awareness is virtually absent with eminent texts and opinion being presumptive, without appraisal of the evidence.

Herein is substantiated:

1.      The development of remote wireless ultrasound and microwave internal voice transmission.

2.      Human tracking technologies.

3.      References recognizing behavioral influence capabilities and the use of such technologies against humans.


 Because of conducting medium non-linearity, sound can be scattered by sounds of different frequencies, which produces entirely new tones, and this was originally observed in air as the Tartini tones during the eighteenth century. [5]  The same phenomenon occurs for ultrasound sonar systems called parametric arrays in a manner that is highly directional.   Mathematical basis for such sonar effects were developed, which predicted the generation of sound waves that are of audible low frequencies. [6] [7] [8]  A subsequent more general and complete analysis predicted not only simple tones, but an ‘envelope’ of modulated low frequency sound, which could encompass voice within the hearing range. [9]  Despite rumors of failed classified air experiments, [10] abstract reports of air generated acoustic tones by parametric array ultrasound beams began appearing, [11] [12] [13] and then had more complete publication, [14] though unrecognized was an earlier, less extensive report. [15]  This ability to produce sound is utilized to construct loudspeakers for directionally projecting audio sound, [16] which have further characterization [17] with sound modulation improvement, [18] and mathematical prediction compared to experimental results. [19] [20]  Basic methods for such speakers are described in the Audio Engineering Handbook. [21]   The connotation of ‘loudspeaker’ is somewhat misleading as a term for these speakers, since virtual point sources of sound are generated within the ultrasound beams [22] without scattering outside the beam intersection. 15  Recently parametric array emitter [23] and directivity [24] improvement, as well as less cumbersome mathematical descriptions for circular [25] or rectangular sources [26] are reported.  These sound projection techniques are internally perceived by a recipient without directional orientation as described from demonstrations, and patents for non-lethal weapon applications.

Lowrey patent # 6052336 “Apparatus and method of broadcasting audible sound using ultrasonic sound as a carrier” clearly focuses on non-lethal weapon application against crowds or as directed at an individual. [27]  Communication is understood as an inner voice with loss of the directional quality of sound perception.  “Since most cultures attribute inner voices either as a sign of madness, or as messages from spirits or demons, both of which . . . evoke powerful emotional reactions”, quotes the effect on people.  Replaying speech, with a delay impedes talking and causes stuttering.  Normal brain wave patterns can be changed (or entrained), which “may cause temporary incapacitation, intense feelings of discomfort.”  Entrainment technique is detailed by Monroe Patent # 5356368 “Method of and apparatus for inducing desired states of consciousness”, as accomplished by an auditory replication of brainwave patterns to entrain the EEG. [28]  Interstate Industries licensed this patent.

The Norris patent # 5889870 “Acoustic heterodyne device and method” produces sound particularly within cavities such as the ear canal. [29]  An individual readily understands communication across a noisy crowed room without nearby discernment.  Sound can also be produced from mid-air or as reflecting from surfaces.

American Technology Corporation (ATC) licensed this latter patent, and commercially sells their HyperSonic Sound® system, which has a technical treatment available 10 and been presented at a professional meeting. [30]  This company also has an acoustic non-lethal weapons system [31] called the Long Range Acoustic Device (LRADTM).  The LRAD is being integrated into the Navy’s radar situational awareness surveillance systems, accounts for 60% of military sales, [32] and has a reported 80 % efficacy in deterring wayward Persian Gulf vessels. [33]  Besides the Navy the device is also deployed to the Army, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps [34] as well as ground troops in Iraq [35] [36] [37] and Afghanistan. [38] [39]  The Miami police used the LRAD for the free trade conference, [40] while the New York Police obtained it for the Republican Convention. 33 [41]  The inner nature of sound perception is described from demonstrations for the Audio Engineering Society, [42] an engineering news article, [43] and Popular Science. [44]  Some description of more obnoxious sound effects is available. [45]  A similar ultrasound method capable of limiting sound to one person, Audio Spotlight® has peer reviewed publication,[46] and is marketed.  The Audio Spotlight has had exhibition at Boston’s Museum of Science, [47] the General Motors display at Disney’s Epcot Center, [48] the Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum, and other public venues. [49]  The American Technology Corporation and Audio Spotlight devices feature in science news and technology articles. [50] [51] [52] [53]  A non-lethal weapons program director confirms the lack of nearby discernment on ultrasound voice transmission. [54]  Other acoustic influence methods may utilize ultrasound. [55] [c]


There are early references to “radiofrequency hallucination” [56] and of reaction to radio wave energy [57] [58] by Italian authors that may have observed radio frequency hearing phenomena, but the observations were poorly characterized, at least in available English publications.  However sound perception was known through radar technicians in World War II [59] [60] and the late 1940’s, [61] who had microwave hearing effect anecdotes.  Though most literature on the hearing effect refers to microwave hearing, the phenomenon extends below microwave frequencies, and radio frequency hearing is also an appropriate term. 60  Allan H. Frey was the first to substantially characterize the microwave hearing effect in a series of articles beginning in 1961. [62] [63]  Subjects can hear appropriately pulsed microwaves at least up to thousands of feet from the transmitter. [64]  Transmitter parameters above those producing the effect result in a severe buffeting of the head, while parameters below the effect induce a pins and needles sensation.  Peak power is the major determinant of loudness, though there is some dependence on pulse width. 63  Pulse modulation appears to influence pitch and timbre.  Microwave hearing is described as perceived within or near the head. 59  The hearing effect can be produced from radio frequency components of magnetic resonance scanners. [65]

Direct microwave hearing experience by many microwave workers, and the phenomenon’s well replicated animal definition makes this the most accepted of low power microwave effects. 61  Review of human and animal microwave hearing confirmation by independent investigators establishes validity. 58 59 60 [66] [67] [68] [69]  Designs for scaring birds away from aircraft or other hazards by microwave hearing [70] and induction of vertigo [71] exist. [72]

While working for the Advanced Research Projects Agency at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Sharp and Grove discovered “receiverless” and “wireless” voice transmission. [73]  Their method was simple:  the negative deflections of voiceprints from recorded spoken numbers were caused to trigger microwave pulses.  Upon illumination by such verbally modulated energy, the words were understood remotely.  The discovery’s applications are “obviously not limited to therapeutic medicine” according to James C. Lin in Microwave Auditory Effects and Applications. [74]

A Defense Intelligence Agency Communist literature review affirms microwave sound and indicates voice transmission.  The report states:  “Sounds and possibly even words which appear to be originating intracranially (within the head) can be induced by signal modulation at very low average power densities.” [75]  Among weapon implications are “great potential for development into a system for disorientating or disrupting the behavior patterns of military or diplomatic personnel.”  An Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Command report affirms microwave speech transmission with applications of “camouflage, decoy, and deception operations.” [76]  “One decoy and deception concept presently being considered is to remotely create noise in the heads of personnel by exposing them to low power, pulsed microwaves . . . By proper choice of pulse characteristics, intelligible speech may be created” quotes the report.

The Brunkan Patent # 4877027 “Hearing system” is a device for verbal microwave hearing. [77]   The invention converts speech with remote introduction into the head by parabolic antenna.  The microwave spectrum granted by the patent is from 100 to 10,000 MHz (0.1-10 GHz) with pulse width from 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond, and bursts of such pulses lasting from 500 nanoseconds to 100 microseconds.   Preferred operation is at 1000 MHz, which is the frequency of optimal tissue penetration. [78]  Bursts of narrowly grouped, evenly spaced pulses determine sound intensity by their amount per unit time.   A similar German patent for remote antenna microwave voice transmission is also based on microwave bursts. [79]  A microwave voice transmission patent with a non-remote transducer that is based on microwave bursts is “designed in such a way that the burst frequencies are at least virtually equal to the sound frequencies of the sounds picked up by the microphone.” [80]

Microwave hearing literature confirms an ability to reproduce sound characteristics, and aspects of these patents.  Though loudness is modulated by pulse power, 63 [81] closely spaced pulses also increase sound intensity, [82] [83] or lower the perception threshold. 65  Pulse width affects tonal quality with longer pulses producing lower frequency sound. 59  Microwave pulse width differentially influences cat cochlear nucleus auditory units that are responsive to different tones [84] over sound frequencies from 931 Hz to 25.5 kHz. [85]  The responses dependent on the separation of twin pulses 85 have at least some analogy to the parameters of human pitch discrimination. [86]  Lin extends the range of microwave hearing to frequencies into the ‘tens of gigahertz.’ 59

There are numerous patents for microwave voice transmission with non-remote transducers [87] with one based on multiple microwave frequencies. [88]  The first inventor of non-remote radio frequency voice transmission had a patent held up for five years by a Defense Intelligence Agency secrecy order, [89] but the device is now for sale over the internet as the Neurophone. [90] [91]  Two separate devices with non-remote transducers show efficacy in peer reviewed publication either by independent analysis of operation, [92] [93] [94] or the developers demonstrating improved speech discrimination. [95] [96]  Although this latter report’s title features electrotherapy, radio frequency hearing had just previously been considered as electrophonic hearing, [97] with the report stating a radio frequency method, while referring equipment description to an Air Force Systems Command commissioned study. [98]  This 1964 Air Force study is the first report of radio frequency voice transmission with improved word discrimination in 9 hearing impaired patients.

Descriptions in some of the patents attribute microwave hearing to direct neural influence.  However in review, the most accepted mechanism is by thermoelastic expansion, which results in sound waves 67 that most likely induces bone conducted hearing.  The cochlea does appear to be involved, but not the middle ear. 69

“Communicating Via the Microwave Auditory Effect” is the title of a small business contract for the Department of Defense.  Communication initial results are:  “The feasibility of the concept has been established” using both low and high power systems. [99]  A Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request as to the project’s final outcome met with denial on the part of the Air Force, on the grounds that disclosure “could reasonably be expected to cause damage to national security.” [100]  Though the Air Force denied this FOIA disclosure, such a contract’s purpose is elaborated by the Air Force’s “New World Vistas” report:  “It would also appear possible to create high fidelity speech in the human body, raising the possibility of covert suggestion and psychological direction . . . . If a pulse stream is used, it should be possible to create an internal acoustic field in the 5-15 kilohertz range, which is audible.  Thus it may be possible to ‘talk’ to selected adversaries in a fashion that would be most disturbing to them.” [101] [102]  Means to actualize such communication ‘possibility’ is evident in patents [103] [104] assigned to the Air Force without royalty payment.  These patents describe demodulation of speech at the head of a recipient without a proximate emitter, and no beneficial use presumed.  The process involves amplitude modulation where the carrier wave’s influence is fully suppressed, high frequency speech components are filtered, and further distortion preventing processing.  The inventors are Air Force employees who have received awards from the Directed Energy Directorate, apparently both for assistance in developing the millimeter wave area denial system later discussed. [105] [106]   Robert O. Becker, whose eminence was enough to have been twice nominated for the Nobel Prize in biological electromagnetic fields research, is explicit regarding clandestine use of radio frequency voice transmission:  “Such a device has obvious applications in covert operations designed to drive a target crazy with “voices” or deliver undetectable instructions to a programmed assassin.” [107]

For years the Center for Army Lessons Learned acknowledged microwave hearing voice transmission as a non-lethal weapon in a ‘voice to skull devices’ weapons thesaurus entry, but this entry was excluded subsequent to request for congressional investigation of such development, and any implementation or misuse thereof. [108] [d]  An article from a magazine that publishes notably non-mainstream views details microwave inner voice device demonstration by Dr. Dave Morgan at a 1993 classified Johns Hopkins sponsored non-lethal weapon conference, manufacture by Lockheed-Sanders, and implies use by the CIA, who call the process ‘voice synthesis’ or ‘synthetic telepathy.’ [109]

When electromagnetic signatures of spoken words are applied to the head at very low field levels (1 microTorr), word choice is significantly affected along the same emotional dimensions as the applied word. [110]  Though inspired by microwave hearing, this report is not of direct auditory perception.  The author suggests that such an influence, even though weak, could shift the direction of group decisions in large populations, and has previously elaborated on the possibility of less specific electromagnetic influence on populations. [111]


The maintenance of isolated hearing effects on people requires obstacle penetration and target tracking.  Internal voice capable energy forms penetrate obstruction and can be localized.  Sound transmission through enclosures is a common experience.  Human tracking ability is not nearly as apparent for ultrasound as for microwave radar, but ultrasound is being developed to discern movement through walls.[112] [113] [114]  Though ultrasound is unnoticed even at high intensity and can pass through walls, a significant portion of the encoded sound from ultrasound speakers reflects audibly upon striking hard flat surfaces.

Common technology utilizes the radio frequency hearing spectrum, which encompasses cell phone, [115] [116] TV, and radar frequencies. [117]  A variety of antennae localize the structurally penetrating radiation with collimation or focusing. [118] [119]  The Luneburg lens emits parallel rays and has over 50 years utilization.[120]  Masers are another method of collimation. [121]

Military radar systems listing human tracking capability include:  Advanced Radar Surveillance System (ARSS-1) by Telephonics; [122] Beagle Portable Ground Surveillance Radar by Pro Patria; [123] AN/PPS-5D Man-Portable Battlefield Surveillance Radar by Syracuse Research Corp.; [124] Squire LPI Ground Surveillance Radar by MSSC Corp.; [125] and Manportable Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radar (MSTAR) by Systems & Electronics, Inc., [126] which have ranges from 7-12 km for personnel tracking.  Some of these internet examinable references extend their capability from that listed in the 2000-2001 Jane’s Radar and Electronic Warfare Systems, which lists 13 target acquisition or tracking systems specifying such capability on personnel, purchased by militaries of some 27 countries. [127]  Besides Russian manufacture there are also East European producers of such systems. 127 [128]

The most widely deployed system is the Rasit ground surveillance radar by Thomson CSF AIRSYS, which lists 20 km as 90% probability of detection for humans.127  Earlier systems have been in use since the Vietnam War. [129]   Basic operation of these systems involves a track initiation processor acquiring a target, while a data association filter maintains a tracking lock on the target. [130]  The above designs feature infantry portability or mobile forward deployment, and cannot be regarded as the limit of capability, since larger radars have a range of 100 miles, [131] though lacking human tracking specification.

A quarter of a century ago, Jane’s Weapon Systems listed some 32 weapons fire control designs whereby aiming was entirely determined by radar tracking data with at least 10 systems primarily designed for control of one weapon system. [132]  Eight weapons guidance systems utilized microwave target illumination by a dedicated surface beam (called semi-active homing). 132  Sensors for more recent active guidance systems also illuminate targets for both laser [133] microwave radar [134] [135] units that are compact enough to be onboard the missile, and so inexpensive as to be disposable with the weapon.   Target illumination tracking systems have nanosecond to microsecond response times.  Such responses do not require a wide scan area to lock illumination upon a person at achievable speeds.  At 90 miles per hour an auto travels less than 1/100 of an inch in a microsecond.

Rowan Patent # 4893815 “Interactive transector device commercial and military grade” describes the acquisition, locking onto, and tracking of human targets. [136]  Stated therein:  “Potentially dangerous individuals can be efficiently subdued, apprehended and appropriately detained.”  The capability of “isolating suspected terrorists from their hostages . . . or individuals within a group without affecting other members of the group” is stated.   Laser, radar, infrared, and acoustic sensor fusion is utilized to identify, seek, and locate targets.  Locking illumination upon the target until weapons engagement accomplishes tracking.  Among available non-lethal weapons is an incapacitating electromagnetic painful pulse.  Tracking data automatically aims weapons, and the system even provides remote physiological stress assessment during attack.

Microwave methods of assessing life by detecting breathing and heartbeat rates had full description in 1967, [137] and are reviewed respecting medical and possible rescue use. [138]  The technique can differentiate hypovolemic from normal rabbits. [139]  The US Military has an interest in a non-contact vital signs monitor. [140]  The capacity is evaluated for obtaining covert polygraph information for lie detection. [141] [142] [143]

Hablov Patent # 5448501 “Electronic life detection system” describes radar that detects vital organ motion, and distinguishes individuals through obstruction. [144]  Therein is stated:  “the modulated component of the reflected microwave signal . . . subjected to frequency analysis . . . forms a type of “electronic fingerprint“ of the living being with characteristic features, which . . . permits a distinction between different living beings.”  Though this patent applies to trapped victim rescue, another Hablov et. al. Patent # 5530429 “Electronic surveillance system” detects interlopers with security emphasis. [145]  Individual variance of human radar signatures is otherwise known [146] than these patents, and gait [147] [148] or heartbeat [149] [150] have consideration as biometric identifiers.

Battlefield human tracking specifications are not expected to consider obstruction.  Some indication of radar capability through obstruction can be gleaned from the adaptation of military technology to through-wall surveillance, [151] which has been spurred by declassifications of the Clinton administration, and Homeland Security initiatives.  Surveys or overviews of through-the-wall radar open literature are available.[152] [153] [154]   Most materials negligibly attenuate radar at the lower microwave frequencies.  High frequencies in the millimeter wavelengths (95 GHz =3 mm) can provide detailed imaging of humans, but are not suitable for brick and concrete. 152  Though without detail, some human image can be obtained at frequencies as low as 10 GHz, which also has good building material penetration. 152  Image resolution is enhanced by increased antenna aperture, [155] which can be synthetic without dependence on a single antenna’s size. [156]  Humans are actually emissive of millimeter wavelengths,[157] and otherwise have good reflectance, 154 with a radar cross section of one square meter, [158] which approximates the two dimensional profile.  Human emmissivity at millimeter wavelengths even allows some measure of passive detection through walls, 152 though weapons detection through clothing is most developed. [159] [160]

Many through-the-wall radars simply detect gross motion, a frequent state of awake humans.  Raytheon’s Enhanced Motion and Ranging System is battery operated, briefcase sized, lists maximum range as 100 feet, provides two dimensional tracking, and can report range to motion of up to 16 targets. [161] [162] [163]  Defense Research and Development Canada of their Defense Department commissioned a consulting company to examine the feasibility of constructing an Ultra Wide-Band (UWB) through-the-wall radar from off the shelf components. [164]  Subsequent demonstrations show that such systems can locate a moving target within a building from 60 meters away with methods being refined to provide building layout, and denote non-moving targets. [165]   UWB radars decrease interference with commercial signals, [166] and makes radar utilization more difficult to detect.  A portable, battery operated radar can detect an individual through 3 walls. [167]  Another UWB radar detects personnel through several intervening walls, and an extended range system can track human targets in excess of 1000 feet, with tracking data used to point a camera in the target direction. [168]

Some through-the-wall surveillance (TWS) radars have considerable commercial development.  Fullerton et al. Patent # 6400307 “System and method for intrusion detection using a time domain radar array” [169] is licensed to Time Domain, [170] which has Federal Communications Commission approval for sale of 2,500 of it’s RadarVision units in the US. [171] [172]  RadarVision is marketed internationally, [173] has police or fire fighter target markets, [174] and the company is developing a SoldierVision unit for the US Army. [175] [176]  Georgia Tech is developing their Radar Flashlight for security and rescue applications. [177] [178]  Both of these TWS systems operate by detecting vital organ motion, being battery operated, highly compact (10 pounds or less) models for the widest commercial potential, thus limiting range.  RadarVision detects within 30 feet, while Radar Flashlight has a 10 foot range.

Other commercial TWS system developers are Patriot Scientific Corporation, [179] AKELA, Inc., [180] SRI International, [181] and Hughes Missile Systems Co. 131  Radar detection software for personal computer display is sold. [182]    A Russian report describes an ability to record the frequency spectrum of speech besides heartbeat and respiration.[183]  Since through-wall surveillance systems evident in the open literature are subject to commercial regulatory, pricing, portability, imaging, and multiple subject observation constraints, they cannot be regarded as the limit of capability especially regarding radars for less economically constrained security markets or not featuring portable design.


Though not necessarily only involving voice transmission, references to behavioral influence weapons by government bodies and international organizations are numerous.  Negotiation submissions to the United Nations Committee on Disarmament affirm the reality of microwave weapon nervous system effects. [184]  European Parliament passage of resolutions calling for conventions regulating non-lethal weapons and the banning of “weapons which might enable any form of manipulation of human beings” [185] includes neuro-influence capability. [186]  A resolution relates to the US High Frequency Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP), which can have environmental consequences, and although utilizing high frequency, ionospheric extra low frequency (ELF) emanation results.  Since ELF is within brain wave frequencies the project has capacity to influence whole populations. 111 [187]  President Carter’s National Security Advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski, predicted development of such capacity. [188]  A US draft law prohibiting land, sea, or space-based weapons using electromagnetic, psychotronic (behavioral influence), and sound technologies “directed at individual persons or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management, or mind control” has not yet passed. [189]   Use of electromagnetic devices against people or electronics in Michigan is a serious felony. [190]  Russian electromagnetic standards are nearly 1000 times lower than the West, so their weapon law forbidding electromagnetic weapons exceeding Health Department parameters is strict. [191]   A Russian draft law explicitly references behavioral influence non-lethal weapons, and development in several countries. [192]  Resolutions by the International Union of Radio Science recognize criminal use of electromagnetic technology, particularly against infrastructure. [193]

An Israeli general in charge of military research and development acknowledged investment in “mind control” technology by Israel. [194]  CNN has also reported regular use of microwaves against Palestinians as sourced form a medical engineer, and that the US Defense Department has contingency plans to use electromagnetic weapons against terrorists. [195]   The same reference quotes an ex-intelligence agent as stating “The US Government has an electronic device which could implant thoughts in people” in a different program interview.  Electromagnetic behavioral manipulation effects have had report on various Discovery cable channel programs, and suspicion of such technology use on then President Nixon was expressed on Larry King Live, which reiterated congressional testimony. [196]  A statement by General John Jumpers about making enemies hear and believe things that don’t exist would include inner voice technology. [197]

The US Department of Defense has declassified a millimeter wavelength area denial weapon. [198]  The prototype weapon is vehicle mounted, and considered a non-lethal weapon. 102 [199]  The device produces a beam that causes a burning sensation, that is stopped by switching off the transmitter, or escape from the beam. [200]  Development of this device is in the advanced stages, and deployment to Iraq is reported expected in 2005. [201]

Besides confirming ultrasound internal voice capability, 54 non-lethal weapons treatments note high powered microwave impulse disruption of brain waves with functional alteration [202] including unconsciousness, [203] [204] [205] which is confirmed in experimental animals. [206]  Non-lethal weapon reviews also mention ‘mind control’ development and testing. [207] [208]  Terms utilized in the latter references indicate subliminal messaging, particularly a Russian developed technique called psycho-correction, [209] the utilization of which was considered against David Koresh of the Waco, Texas Branch Davidian incident. [210] [211] [212]  An American system in the previous Army thesaurus reference called Silent Sounds 73 [213] [e] also utilizes subliminal messaging, and was utilized in the 1991 Iraq War according to the company founder, [214] and British news reports. [215]   A system based on the same technology is for sale on the Internet. 92  Silent Sounds also has sophisticated brainwave entrainment by “emotional clustering” capability. 214 [216]  Subliminal messaging is utilized in retail stores for theft prevention. [217] [218]  Although the Federal Communications Commission reports few complaints of subliminal messaging in broadcasts, 217 the technique was most recently utilized in a 2000 US presidential political advertisement, [219] and is reportedly rampant within Russian television. [220]


The microwave irradiation of the American Embassy in Moscow received little publicity until the winter of 1976 instillation of protective screening, but irradiation was known since 1953. [221]  The irradiation was directional from nearby buildings with pulsation detected.  Complaint to the Soviets had no avail, but the signals disappeared in January 1979 “reportedly as a result of a fire in one or more of the buildings,” [222] though there was recurrence in 1988. [223]  Psychiatric cases occurred during the exposure period, but no epidemiologic relationship was revealed with fully a quarter of the medical records unavailable, and comparison with other Soviet Bloc posts. 222  Although significant results matched the Soviet recognized neurotic syndrome, [224] these were dismissed as subjective symptoms.  Professional publications further detail some of these flaws, [225] along with charges of government cover-up, particularly respecting cancer cases. [226]  The CIA had Dr. Milton Zaret review Soviet medical microwave literature to determine the purpose of the irradiation.  He concluded the Russians “believed the beam would modify the behavior of the personnel.” [227]  In 1976 the post was declared unhealthful and pay raised 20%. [228]

The most documented citizen microwave irradiation was of peace protesters at Greenham Common American Air Force Base in Berkshire England, who prompted investigation of unusual symptoms. [229]  Radiation measurements exhibited microwaves with symptom experience up to a hundred times the background level, and rose sharply on protests nearer the base. 223  Symptoms became pronounced on cruise missile transport, a protest focus. 223  Recorded were wide ranging complaints:  skin burns; ‘severe’ headaches; drowsiness; temporary paralysis; incoordinated speech; two late (5 mos.) spontaneous abortions; an apparent circulatory failure; and unlike usual menstrual synchronization, irregular or postmenopausal menstruation.  The symptom complex fits well with electromagnetic exposure syndrome. 223  It is also reported that some of the women ‘heard voices.’ [230]  The base closed finally in 1991.

Measurement of non-ionizing radiation fields in the vicinity of an Australian victim is described. [231]  The intensity ranged from 7 mV in an adjacent room to 35 mV next to the head.  Criminal microwave directed energy weapon use is reported in Germany [232] having similarity of circumstances, complaints, and symptoms in a number of cases, with microwave field measurement excluding the usual sources (cell phone towers, etc.) in at least one case. [233]  Other anecdotal cases affirm microwave field measurement without strength publication. 196 [234] [235]  A security company advertises investigations of electromagnetic harassment including microwave voice transmission with field measurement. [236]  Victims have asserted an ability to record harassment effects.  Though the evidence for recording microwave harassment effects is inconclusive and only slightly more than anecdotal, condenser microphones are responsive to the thermo-acoustic mechanism, and other microphone design types have elements that are similar to thermo-acoustic responsive situations. [237]

Ultrasound behavioral influence technology use in Northern Ireland is cited. 204  The device could focus on one person and utilized ultrasound like the previous discussed patents, though voice transmission is unconfirmed.  It was employed in Vietnam by the Americans, and is known as the squawk box.  Psychological effects are summarized as ‘spooky.’  More detail by a defense journalist is quoted: “When the two frequencies mix in the human ear they become intolerable.  Some people exposed to the device are said to feel giddy or nauseous and in extreme cases they faint.  Most people are intensely annoyed by the device and have a compelling wish to be somewhere else.” [238]  British police inventories list the specific device, though a spokesman denied use. 223

Sophisticated behavioral influence capability is confirmed by ex-intelligence officers.  Julianne McKinney, Director of The National Security Alumni Electronic Surveillance Project has conducted a study of victim cases.  This is a largely classified employee victim study with internal voice transmission avowal. [239]


Ultrasound voice transmission technology is well confirmed by peer reviewed literature, deployed in military 35 36 37 38 or police situations, 33 40 41 publicly demonstrated in museum exhibits, 47 48 49 and for sale to the public. [240] [241]  Microwave internal voice transmission citations rest on a solid foundation of microwave hearing literature, with confirmation in peer reviewed literature as well as a government report for non-remote transducer systems, 95 97 99 and a further such device for sale. 92  There are four patents for remote radio frequency voice transmission, 78 80 two of which were developed by the US Defense Department 104 105 as well as additional references affirming successful development. 74 77 100  Though there is only some publication of microwave field strength around victims 223 231 or measurement anecdotes, 196 234 235 with such publication to remote radio frequency voice transmission use being in media of less respected reliability, such reports are supported by descriptions of non-lethal weapon applications 76 103 and references indicating weapons. 73 109  The existence of numerous systems capable of tracking humans, has long demonstrated the feasibility of constructing devices capable of producing internal voice continuously in isolated individuals.  To deny such technological capability in the face of extensive complaint is willfully to ignore documented development of the relevant technologies and engineering competence for complete integration.  It must be appreciated that engineering development is often proprietary and less published than open science, especially in areas with covert application.  Even the most prejudiced skeptic, who would honestly consider the relevant literature, would have to concede that such capacity has had development.  The fact is that such complaints have had no adequate investigation.

The logic in the prediction by Brzezinski [f] of the appearance of a more controlled and directed society dominated by a power elite willing to use the latest modern techniques for influencing behavior without hindrance by liberal democratic values is compelling. 188  Since those supposedly expert regard a victim’s perceptions as psychotic, all complaints are disregarded, much less capability to bear witness.  Potential targets are multiple, and may include anyone worth neutralization:  domestic adversaries; security risks, which may only comprise classified disclosures; witnesses of improprieties; those prone to committing advantageous felonies; and even those psychologically similar to target groups for development purposes.  Internal voice technology is most applicable within the same language and culture.  Security agencies have little legal accountability, particularly with utilization of unrecognized technology.  Legality is readily circumvented by executive orders, (particularly declaration of a crisis or emergency situation), which can be sealed, and this prerogative is only accountable to co-equal branches of government.

Most complainants allege public sector involvement or sub-contracted private companies. [242]  Remote behavioral influence research has long been funded by the US, 108 with evidence of inner voice transmission development 31 74 77 78 80 100 104 105 and weapons,34 35 36 37 54 73 109 though denying on national security grounds project results 101 and even foreign literature analyses. [243]   Some 30 countries evidence active behavioral influence weapon research. [244]

Leaders of victim movements for investigation and protest have written presentable treatments from the East European 234 235 [245] and victim 196 perspectives, but while there has been some psychoanalytical acknowledgement, [246] no concise treatment is published in mainstream media.  Current medical awareness ensures effective neutralization of the afflicted, though not all those affected are stigmatized.  However phenomena of ‘hearing voices’, or perception of remote manipulation, when recounted to health professionals results in various prejudicial diagnoses, [247] [248] totally without investigation.    The longstanding disregard for people with such symptoms that give presumed rationale for civil rights abrogation must be justified by adequate investigation, which is not apparent in medical scholarship.  Mandatory is determination of relevant fields around complainants.  Professional opinions formed without excluding these technologies are negligent.  Such diagnosis must be regarded as presumptive.

Longstanding complaints by numerous victims about remote voice transmission to the medical community [249] are too correspondent to the technologic development herein documented to further ignore.  The fact that microwave bioeffects have extensive correlation with reported symptoms of major psychosis other than ’voices,’ [250] further substantiates the ambiguity of diagnostic supposition.  All of society should be disturbed at the prospect of remote inner voice induction, since the unaware subject would perceive such voices as his own natural thought, without complaint provoking assault.  Even complaints of ‘mind reading’ by some victims perceiving such intrusion has basis in that recent EEG analysis studies confirm and extend the feasibility of thought reading, which was reported initially by a 1975 Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency study, and there are references to ‘remote EEG’ microwave methods. [251]

Acknowledgements: Thanks are given to God for inspiration, and a benefactor of Christians Against Mental Slavery for financial support (website http://www.slavery.org.uk .)  There is gratitude also to Dr. Paul Canner, and Dr. Allen Barker for their suggestions.

All patents are freely printable from the U. S. Patent Office website or at esp@cenet.

Designated internet urls are not restricted as to database.


[a] Address: 903 N. Calvert St., Baltimore MD  21202.  Email- Johnmcmurt@aol.com Phone- 410-539-5140.

[b] Financial contribution to this article was made by fellow members of Christians Against Mental Slavery with website http://www.slavery.org.uk/ .

[c] Loos Patent # 6017302 “Subliminal acoustic manipulation of nervous system” can “cause relaxation, drowsiness, or sexual excitement, depending on the precise acoustic frequency near ½ Hz used.  The effects of the 2.5 Hz resonance include slowing of certain cortical processes, sleepiness, and disorientation.”

[d] Vide infra for discussion of the analogously listed “Silent Sound” device in this reference.

[e] Also called S-quad, Silent Sounds, Inc. licensed Lowery Patent #5159703 “Silent subliminal presentation system”, also has advanced brain wave entrainment technology with several classified patents.  (See http://www.megabrain.com/eeg.htm and http://www.megabrain.com/patent.htm accessed 8/4/04)  Unessential is individual direction, but possible by ultrasound.

[f] National Security Advisor to President Carter.

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Microwave Bioeffect Congruence with Schizophrenia (John J. McMurtrey M.S.) (doc)

Posted in Uncategorized by ce399 on 05/05/2011